Who are the - the governor and the mayor

Because the state system of Russia - a federation, which means that, as a state, it consists of the subjects.The subject of the Federation - the state of the structure, whether autonomous republic or an autonomous region within the Russian Federati
on, or the edge of the area.These administrative units have equal rights and are the state structures, in performing its functions of the state borders.

in Article 18, Part 6 of the Federal Law "On general principles of organization of legislative (representative) and executive bodies of subjects of the Russian Federation", said that the subject of the Russian Federation shall have the right to establish their own job title senior officer, taking into account the historical, national andother traditions.This name should be reflected in the statutes of the Federation.Historically, the administrative units of the Russian Empire were the province, therefore, developing their charters, executive bodies of subjects of the Russian Federation decided that the highest official of the public authority would be named by the governor.

settlements located in the territory of the Federation, have the status of settlements and are not public authorities.In accordance with the 3rd and the 12th article of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the media authority - the people of Russia its powers can be implemented by local government elections.By analogy with foreign elective offices, the heads of local authorities, it was decided to name the mayors.Although in recent years, many local governments have amended their statutes and official documents are now referred to as the heads of the mayors of municipalities.

mayor, or did the governor and the mayor

addition to the above subjects of the Russian Federation, one of them was decided to include the two cities of federal significance - it is the former and the current capital of Russia St. Petersburg and Moscow.During the parade of sovereignties statutes of these entities top officials of these cities was given the official name of "mayor", but later the decision of the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg, the post was renamed to "Governor".It turns out that Moscow, as a subject of the Federation, headed by the mayor, and St. Petersburg - the governor.But if you follow the historical tradition in Russia, the head of the capital's authorities have always called as "mayors".