Home division of Europe into hostile camps was initiated creation in the years 1879-1882 of the Triple Alliance, which includes Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy.It is this military-political bloc played a crucial role in the preparation and unleashing the First World War.
The initiator of the Triple Alliance was Germany, which in 1879 concluded with Austria-Hungary treaty of alliance.Austro-German treaty, also known as dual alliance was primarily directed against France and Russia.Subsequently, the agreement became the basis for the creation of a military bloc, headed by Germany, followed by European nations finally split into two hostile camps.
the spring of 1882 to the union of Austria-Hungary and Germany joined Italy.May 20, 1882, these countries signed a secret treat
y of the Triple Alliance.According to the agreement for a period of 5 years of the agreement the Allies committed themselves not to take part in any conventions against one of those States, to support each other and consult on all political and economic issues.Also, all participants committed to the Triple Alliance in the case of joint participation in the war not to conclude a separate peace, and to keep the contract on the Triple Alliance in secret.
By the end of XIX century Italy under the yoke of losses from customs war with France began to gradually change its policy.In 1902, she had to enter into an agreement with the French about neutrality in the case of the German attack on France.Just before the outbreak of World War Italy as a result of a secret agreement, known as the Pact of London, he left the Triple Alliance and joined the Entente.
response to the establishment of the Triple Alliance was the creation in 1891 of the Franco-Russian alliance, which later became the basis of the Entente.Strengthening Germany seek hegemony in Europe and the creation of secret Triple Alliance led to retaliation by Russia in France and then the UK.
At the beginning of the XX century Britain as a result of aggravated German-British conflict had to abandon the policy of "splendid isolation", the alleged non-participation in any military blocs and conclude a military and political agreements with the enemies of Germany.The agreement with France was signed by the British in 1904, after 3 years in 1907, an agreement was signed with Russia.Conclusion of the contract is actually formalized the creation of the Entente.
Confrontation Triple Alliance and the Entente led to World War I, in which the Entente and its allies opposed the unit of the Central Powers headed by Germany.
- FIRST WORLD WAR