Federalism - is more democratic than Unitarianism.Its democracy is that federalism involves the decentralization of power, which guarantees freedom from dictatorship.At the heart of federalism - the issue of relationships.When different groups of people speaking different languages, professing different religious beliefs and cultural norms, agree to live within the constitutional framework, they expect to have a certain percentage of local autonomy and equal social and economic opportunities.The federal system of government divides powers between local, regional and national levels.Officials at various levels implement policies adapted to regional and local needs, and at the same time interact with the national government to solve the common problems faced by the country.Such a system of separation of powers gives the possibility of operational decision
-making and results are felt almost immediately and in the community, and at higher levels of government.Federalism encourages citizenship, allowing citizens to participate in government.Citizens have the right to apply for positions in local and regional governments.The federal system has a constitution, which authorizes and defines the scope of shared responsibility at every level of management.Local governments are working to meet local needs, solve problems associated with fire, police, local government, school administration, and so on.The national government decides on defense, international agreements, the federal budget.The most significant and defining principles of federalism: - the principle of the sovereignty of the federation;- The principle of unity of state power;- The principle of voluntary association of subjects;- The principle of equality of subjects;- The principle of separation of powers between the subjects and the federation;- The principle of the unity of economic and legal environment;- The principle of equality of peoples.There are the following models of federalism: By way of education - union and decentralized models.Allied formed among several states as a result of the agreement.Decentralised created by the transformation of the unitary system based on federal legislation or by contract.In the presence of subordination - at centralized and decentralized.Centralized federalism implies the priority of national interests over the interests of the members of the federation.Decentralized contract provided, and the power is distributed between its cells, that is, there is a combination of national interests with the interests of the territories.By the nature of the interdependence of subjects of federation - dualistic and cooperative model.The dualistic federalism involves a strictly fixed the division of powers between the center and the regions.Co-operative federalism model eliminates hierarchy, cooperation between the parties reached a negotiated procedure.