Types of political regimes
authoritarian and totalitarian - regimes of political despotism, in which, despite the formal existence of democratic institutions, management is carried out by one person, without taking into account the views of the majority and, in particular, forward-thinking opposition minority.
for compliance visibility democracy are "pocket" of the party, under the aegis of a single ruling.Also it intensified repressive military-police state apparatus, and the corruption and tyranny permeate all structures of power.The result is a cult of the personality of one of the ruling.
In this mode, there is no ideological pluralism, uprooted democracy, canceled elections of different branches of government, leveled independent judicial system, introduced censorshi
p in the media, prohibited activities non-systemic opposition and independent non-governmental associations and foundations, introduced strict regulation of activities of citizensthrough social demagogy implanted repressive ideology.Notable examples of this government: regimes of Joseph Stalin, Adolf Hitler, Muammar Gaddafi, Saddam Hussein.
transitional and emergency mode
This is usually a short period of political regimes, formed as a result of coups, revolutions and upheavals.Management of the state for the transitional political regime is carried out in the best case a collective democratic way or passionaries - charismatic personality, adhere to democratic principles.In the worst case - the head of the state government is a puppet politician, managed not clear leaders and so-called "gray cardinal" who know how to conduct covert struggle intrigue.
Examples of positive control: in South Korea, Syngman Rhee government in France - Georges Pompidou, Poland - Lech Walesa, the Czech Republic - Vaclav Havel, South Africa - Nelson Mandela, Georgia - Mikhail Saakashvili.
Examples of negative controls: North Korea under the leadership of the board of Kim Il Sung, in the Soviet Union - Mikhail Gorbachev, in Yugoslavia - Slobodan Milosevic, in Ukraine - Viktor Yushchenko.
This is a political regime in which government is formed and operates on the principle of majority rule, but with a mandatory requirement and taking into account the views of the minority.State authorities formed through elections.
in a democratic regime, political parties are run by independent activity, as well as in the state is not the dominant ideology, the main principle is freedom of speech and respect for the constitutional rights of every person, encouraged political activity and maturity of civil society, to defend their interests.
a democracy is unacceptable censorship and an attempt on the will, rights and civil liberties of the individual.Democracy ensures national-religious freedom and cultural autonomy.
bitter truth or sweet lies
So what is needed classification of the political regime?At least for stakeholders to influence him and, if necessary, change for the better, timely response to the disturbing "bells."The history of the past century, as well as the first decade of the twenty-first century has shown, unfortunately, that the weak civil society setbacks can happen in a very short period of time even when it is intellectually developed countries.
maturity of civil society is that at the first sign of the vector roll toward despotism time to react in time to protect the interests of the public interest, and not to allow individuals, and control the power structures in the country, the opportunity to slip into the underworld of the dictatorship, for example.
always agree, pleasant to live, when there are clear - in the definition of the political regime as well.