1991 was not easy, and a turning point in the history of the USSR.The restructuring, which marked the end of the 80s, has not been able to solve the tasks.Population powers refuse to live under the old regime, although, according to polls, the majority of the residents were supporters of the Soviet Union in order to keep the country united.And to change the existing system while maintaining the united power was not possible at that time.
June 12, 1991 BNYeltsin became president of Russia.On the night of August 19 the same year, a group of officials as part of the vice president G.Yanaeva, V.Kryuchkova KGB chairman, Defense Minister D. Yazov, Prime Minister V.Pavlova organized Emergency Committee (State Emergency Committee).The country has entered a
state of emergency, suspended the activities of the democratic parties and the electronic media.There was the so-called coup which put an end to the old system of government.
Since then, the fate of a great power was predetermined.To a greater extent its leader Mikhail Gorbachev, who met the August events in the dacha in Foros.In domestic historiography there is no clear view on the question of holding force of the first and last president of the Soviet Union and it was his choice voluntarily.
BACKGROUND crisis of
the USSR as a great power was formed in 1922.At first it was a federal education, but over time it becomes a state with power concentrated exclusively in Moscow.The republican government, in fact, received mandates for the execution of Moscow.Natural processes was their dissatisfaction with this state of affairs, at first timidly, eventually turning into open confrontation.Splash ethnic conflicts took place in the time of perestroika, for example, the events in Georgia.But even then, problems are not solved, and were driven even further into the problem solving postponed "for later", ordinary people information about grievances was not available, because the carefully concealed by the authorities.
USSR was initially created on the basis of recognition of the right to self-determination of the national republics, that is, the state was based on a national-territorial principle.This right is enshrined in the constitutions of 1922, 1936 and 1977 GGIt just prompted to enter the republic from the USSR.
collapse of the USSR, and also contributed to the crisis that has overtaken the central government in the late 80-iesRepublican political elite decided to use the window of opportunity to break free from the "yoke of Moscow."It is to be made in many former Soviet republics of central Moscow government action against them.And in today's political world still believe the same opinion.
value collapse of the USSR
Meaning of the disintegration of the USSR can not be overestimated, even after more than 20 years.And the events of this scale, their ability or inability difficult to identify "hot pursuit."Today we can say that, most likely, the disintegration of the Union was irreversible due to the fact that the catalyst is made by many of the processes that occur during the 60-80-ies20th century.
echoes of the collapse of the Soviet Union for a long time to be heard.Especially it concerns the fate of the Russian-speaking population remaining in the former Soviet republics.