Asked about the reasons for the Soviet Union began to disintegrate, trying to find the answer to many historians, politicians and writers.Particularly difficult to answer, versions vary, but the essence and called the process that led to the collapse, largely united.

socio-political reasons

totalitarian policy of the authorities, the persecution of the Church, persecution of dissidents, intelligence agencies, private travel abroad, imposing universal, uncontested Soviet ideology, the most severe censorship of all publications.

growing discontent among the single authority of the Union republics, the sharp deterioration in the quality of life, disruption of essential commodities, food shortages, which led to the policy of the adjustment period.Restrictions for t
he citizens of the Soviet Union in all that is connected with the West, against the priority of Western countries in the development of technological progress, the standard of living and culture. Perestroika - a designation ambitious and controversial changes in the economic, political, social and ideological structure of the USSR in 1986-1991, initiated by the General Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee Mikhail Gorbachev.

Indoor-to-date, accurate information about what is happening in the country and the world, to strengthen after the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, numerous wrecks in the aviation disaster and massive loss of life on the ship "Admiral Nakhimov".

reluctance of the various nations to submit to a single center management actions which have ceased to be effective, leading to a desire to break away and develop both economically and culturally within their state.

1978 Constitution, according to which should be concluded a new Union treaty, the Soviet Union is actually put in a position of illegitimate state, and prior to the constitution literally ceased to be valid.

Economic conditions

nomination of military-industrial complex to the forefront of budget expenditures has led to the fact that other areas were launched as a result of the economy has declined.The military actions of the USSR in Afghanistan, the fight against the United States, which resulted in the Cold War, financial support to developing countries with socialism to the detriment of their own people.

Long-term reforms aimed at economic recovery, with no results, so that they were completely stopped, which led to the complete destruction of all economic, and behind her, and the political system of the USSR. standard of living most of the population in the first years after the collapse of the Soviet Union (and the ensuing economic reforms) deteriorated sharply, which still causes negative memories among certain groups of people.

The actual cause of the final collapse of the economic system of the USSR is considered to fall in oil prices, which did not happen without the participation of the United States.September 13, 1985, Saudi Arabia announced its restoration in the oil market and the beginning of active mining black gold, followed by a sharp drop in world prices and the collapse of the Soviet economy.