Before the introduction of the post of president



popularity of Boris Yeltsin among the broad masses of the population began to increase since 1987, when he was a first secretary of the Moscow City Party Committee, went into open conflict with the central leadership of the Communist Party.The main criticism from Yeltsin was directed against MSGorbachev, general secretary of the Central Committee.

In 1990, Boris Yeltsin becomes the deputy of the RSFSR, and in late May of that year he was elected chairman of the Supreme Council of the Republic.A few days later it adopted the Declaration of Sovereignty of Russia
.It is envisaged that Russian legislation takes precedence over the legislation of the USSR.The country begins to fall apart began the so-called "parade of sovereignties". At the last in the history of the CPSU XXVIII Congress Boris Yeltsin demonstratively walked out of the ranks of the Communist Party.

In February 1991, Boris Yeltsin, in a televised speech, sharply criticized the policy of the top management of the Soviet Union.He demanded from Gorbachev to resign and transfer all power to the Federation Council.A month later, the Soviet Union was a national referendum, which results were mixed.The vast majority of the population were in favor of preserving the Soviet Union, while the introduction of presidential rule in Russia.This effectively means that the country comes the dual power.

first president



June 12, 1991 were the first in the history of Russian presidential elections in the Russian Federation.The victory in the first round won, Boris Yeltsin, who went to the polls in tandem with Alexander Rutskoi, eventually became vice president.But two months later the country turned the events that led to the collapse of the Soviet Union.

19 August 1991 several politicians from the inner circle of Mikhail Gorbachev announced that the country has created the State Emergency Committee.Yeltsin immediately appealed to the Russian people, calling the move a coup attempt.A few days of political opposition, Yeltsin issued several decrees extending his presidential powers. As a result, the first Russian president, won a landslide victory, which was followed by the collapse of the Soviet Union.

In subsequent years, in Russia there were many important political events in which the first president of the republic was directly involved.In 1996, Yeltsin was elected a second time for the presidency of Russia.At the end of 1999, Boris Yeltsin officially and voluntarily relinquished his presidential powers, handing over power before the end of the term of the presidency to his successor, who became V.Putin.