the Second World War
WWII began September 1, 1939.It's official.Not officially it started a little bit earlier - from the time of the Anschluss of Austria and Germany, the annexation by Germany of Bohemia, Moravia and the Sudetenland.It began when Adolf Hitler came up with the idea of restoring the Great Reich - Reich within the boundaries of the Germans to the infamous Treaty of Versailles.But since then a few of the living might believe that the war will come to their house, and no one had not occurred to call the War of the Worlds.It looked just like a small territorial claims and the "restoration of historical justice."After all, the merged regions and countries formerly part of the Great German Reich, were many citizens of Germ
Six months later - in June 1940, the authorities of the USSR, it is treacherously staging coups in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, forcing the government to the Baltic States to resign, and under the muzzles of weapons were held uncontested election, which expectedly defeated the Communists, as other partiesto vote were not allowed.Then, "elected" parliament declared the country socialist and sent a petition to the Supreme Soviet of accession.
And then - in June 1940, Hitler ordered to begin preparations for an attack on the Soviet Union.Initiated the formation of the plan blitzkrieg "Operation Barbarossa".
Such is the division of the world and spheres of influence was only a partial fulfillment of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact signed between Germany and its allies and the Soviet Union August 23, 1939.
The Great Patriotic War
For citizens of the Soviet Union, the war began treacherously - at dawn on June 22, when the small border river Bug and other border areas crossed fascist armada.
It would seem that the war there were no signs.Yes, Soviet intelligence officers who worked in Germany and Japan, and other countries were sending dispatches that war with Germany was inevitable.They are often at the cost of their own lives, and found out the date and time.Yes, six months before the aforesaid date and especially closer to her intensified penetration of saboteurs and sabotage groups on Soviet territory.But ... Comrade Stalin, whose faith is in himself both the Supreme Court and unrivaled ruler of one sixth of the land was so enormous and unwavering, that in the best case, these scouts have simply remained alive and worked on, and in the worst of their declared enemies of the people and liquidated.
Stalin's belief was based on the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact and Hitler's own promise.He could not imagine that his someone can cheat and beat.
Therefore, despite the fact that the Soviet Union's western borders were tightened regular units, ostensibly to improve combat readiness and planned military exercises, and the recent accession of the Western territories of the USSR from 13 to 14 June conducted an operation to evict and sweep"socially alien elements" into the country, the Red Army was not prepared at the beginning of the aggression.The military units were ordered not to give in to provocations.Team composition in large numbers from the highest to the junior officers of the Red Army was sent on vacation.Perhaps because Stalin himself hoped to start a war, but later: in late July - early August 1941.
History does not know the subjunctive mood.Thus happened what happened: early in the evening of June 21 German troops have received a signal "Dortmund", which meant that the planned attack on the next day.And serene summer morning, Germany, without a declaration of war, with the support of allies invaded the Soviet Union dealt a powerful blow to the entire length of its western border on three sides - part of three armies: "North", "Center" and "South".In the early days of the Red Army was destroyed most of the ammunition, military equipment and ground planes.The peace of the city, guilty only that their territories were placed strategically important ports and airfields - Odessa, Sevastopol, Kiev, Minsk, Riga, Smolensk and other towns were subjected to massive bombing.
By mid-July, German troops occupied Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, a significant part of Ukraine, Moldova and Estonia.They were wiped out most of the Red Army of the Western Front.
But then "something went wrong ..." - to activate the aircraft of Soviet troops on the Finnish border, and the Arctic Circle, counterstrike mechanized corps in the South-Western Front, the Nazis halted the offensive.By the end of July - early August, Soviet troops have learned not only to recede, but also to defend themselves and to resist the aggressor.And, although it was only a very, very beginning to the end of war, the Second World War will take a full four terrible years, but even then, protecting and holding of the recent strength Kiev and Minsk, Sevastopol and Smolensk Red Army felt that they could win, destroying the plans of Hitler's lightning grab Soviet territories.