various ethnic groups living in the area bordering on Europe and Asia, accounted for the cultural and historical identity of Russia.The basis of the formation of the Russian state were Finno-Ugric, Eastern Slavic, Baltic and other small nations of all, according to the chronicles, - more than 20 names.For centuries the Russian state expanded its borders at the expense of the border regions, the population of which became part of the Russian people.
a result of historical events, Russia was the only state with such a rich cultural and ethnic makeup.

Ethnic groups in Russia



on the results of the latest census of the Russian Federation, held in 2010, in the territory of 195 nationalities live.The population can be roughly categorized along ethnic and linguistic lines.Separation of the historical roots of the peoples
affected, even if the current indigenous population does not speak the language of their ancestors.

The representatives of the Indo-European cultures belong to the Slavic peoples - their figure of more than 14 million people living in Russia;They also include the Baltic, Germanic, Roman, Greek, Armenian, Iranian, Indo-Aryan peoples.

Ural-Yukagir family spawned Finns, Estonians, kareltsev, Mordovians, residents of Komi.From here out, and Hunt (who inhabit the Russian North in the amount of more than 30 thousand people), Mansi (them in Russia a little more than 12,500), Udmurt (552,300 people), and Chuvans Yukagirs.

Altai branch, whose representatives inhabit the Republic of Altai and the border regions, is divided into five families.It Koreans and Japanese, Mongols, as well as representatives of the Turkic and Tungus nation.How many now in modern-day Russia is home to the representatives of these peoples is difficult to say.According to the latest census of them identified themselves as "Russian", and therefore refused to national identity.

North Caucasian nation gave the country population, which can be divided into two camps.They are representatives of the peoples of the North Caucasus and the Abkhaz-Adygei residents.The first branches are: Dagestanis, Chechens, Ingush, Avars, lizginy and other minorities.The second branch: Kabardino, Adygei, Abkhazians and Circassians. Modern Georgians originate from Kartvelian nation.From there came little-known endangered nations like Ingiloys and Megrelians.

Small nations



Modern Russia includes other small nations, known only to scientists in the field of etnoznany.It Austroasiatic, Sino-Tibetan, Afro-Asiatic and Paleo-Asiatic tribes.More than 10 thousand people, in spite of Russian citizenship in 2010 identified themselves as Arabs, Bahrainis, Egyptians, Yukagirs, Mauritanians, Sudanese, Naha and others.

Despite all the diversity and difference in cultures of different nations connected by a single historical destiny.She goes back centuries.More than once over the centuries united nations fought against invaders.This unity has given rise to the strengthening and development of national traditions, which became one of the features of our multinational homeland.