you need
  • - pre-war political map;
  • - the post-war political map;
  • - documentaries about the Second World War;
  • - memories of war veterans and those who lived in the postwar years.
Guide
1
compare prewar and postwar political maps.Pay special attention to Europe.You will see that after the war there were new states - in particular Germany was divided into West and East Germany.Divided into two parts, and Berlin.East Berlin was the capital of the German Democratic Republic, the West - actually a separate state.
2
The biggest changes were made in Germany.The Nazi Party was banned.In addition, the return to their historic homeland, many Germans before the war lived in various countries of Eastern Europe.One of the reasons become ethnic conflicts that have arisen in
the course of the war.Returnees were forced to adapt to unusual conditions for them.
3
As a result of the Second World War changed the balance of power in Europe.In Eastern European countries under the influence of the Soviet Union there were coups, came to power close to them and the communist ideology of the party.Shortly after the war, these countries have formed a defensive unit that was called the Warsaw Pact.Efforts by the international prestige of the Soviet Union.
4
Some countries have undergone territorial changes.Thus, the Soviet Union as reparations got a piece of Pomerania - Koenigsberg and the adjacent coast.This area has been transformed in the Kaliningrad region and is connected to the RSFSR.Part of the disputed areas received Poland - Pomerania with the major ports of Gdansk and Szczecin.First before the war had the status of a free city, and the second was part of Germany.Territorial changes have occurred in other countries.The most important outcome of the Second World War - the signing of the border treaty and their integrity.This agreement is valid to this day.
5
There were changes in the economy.Europe is divided into two camps with different economic systems.Western Europe returned to the bourgeois system in Eastern Europe became the main socialist mode of production with a high share of the public sector.In some countries, it has successfully developed a mixed economy.
6
After the war, another was the nature of labor migration.For the citizens of Eastern European countries significantly reduced the possibility to move in search of unskilled jobs.Labour migration has taken the character of "repurchase drain" when the Eastern European countries left mostly educated people, demand in Western Europe and the United States.