Prerequisites for an end to the existence of the Holy Roman Empire began to emerge in the middle of the XVII century.The first major event of its kind was the conclusion of the Peace of Westphalia in October 1648, marked the end of the Thirty Years War.This agreement greatly limited the powers of the emperor, in fact relieved of his power to separate principalities.It cemented and strengthened the existing empire in religious and national conflicts, led to the growth of separatist tendencies.
Since the end of XVII century in the Holy Roman Empire, there was a gradual strengthening of the central government.A major role in this process was played by Emperor Leopold I and his descendants.Victory in the War of the Spanish Succession, which took place from 1701 to 1714 also contributed to the growing influence of the empe
ror.However, with the strengthening of the position of the imperial court began a decisive intervention in the internal affairs of the German principalities.This caused a reaction in the form of withdrawal of support by the princes of the emperor.
Since the end of XVII century there was a gradual increase of contradictions between the two influential subjects Holy Roman Empire - Austria and Prussia.Most of the holdings of these monarchs lay outside the Empire, which leads to frequent discrepancy between their personal and imperial interests.Occupies the throne of the Austrian Habsburg rulers paid little attention to internal affairs.At the same time, political and military power of Prussia is constantly increasing.This led to the emergence of the Holy Roman Empire of acute systemic crisis.
Empire crisis intensified, growing in the second half of the XVIII century.Attempts to revive the imperial Habsburg management structures met with open resistance on the part of Prussia, and other German principalities.During the Seven Years' War, which took place from 1756 to 1763, most of the principalities actually came out of obedience to the Emperor, and swore allegiance to Prussia.
process the actual collapse of the Holy Roman Empire began with the approval decision "imperial deputation" in 1803, adopted under pressure from France and Russia.It provided for a radical change in the structure and composition of the Empire (abolished more than 100 territorial entities).This decision was a logical result of the defeat of the Empire in the War of the Second Coalition (1799-1801 years) against France.
defeat of the Holy Roman Empire in the War of the Third Coalition (1805) against France put an end to the question of its existence.As a result, a prisoner of Pressburg world from the imperial power came a few states.Until mid-July 1806 the empire had left Sweden and many German states.The collapse became obvious to all European politicians.
July 22, 1806 through the Austrian ambassador in Paris, the Emperor Franz II was handed an ultimatum demanding Napoleon to abdicate in the period until 10 August.Otherwise, France would have invaded Austria.August 6, 1806 when Franz II, relinquished his title of Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, freeing from its authority all the subjects that were included in its composition.So the Holy Roman Empire ceased to exist.