Since ancient times, when people had some rudimentary state, began to appear and the first political system.They are based primarily on moral values ​​and norms, religious beliefs, habits and customs of any particular society.Since there are no two identical societies, political systems always have their differences (if sometimes slight).Of course, the formation of the political system have a very large impact a number of factors, primarily economic and social.
political system involves a continuous mutual influence of the state apparatus and society - both as a whole
and each of its representatives.Depending on what form a specific political system, it can be attributed to one of the four main varieties: democracy, theocracy, authoritarianism and totalitarianism.
Democracy (translated from Greek - "government of the people") implies that the carrier power is the people who can exercise their powers directly - for example, by open voting on some important issue,and by transferring their powers to elected MPs.Any public official who has to come to power through free and fair elections.If rail activities chosen disappoint voters, they must have a legitimate opportunity to deprive him of his powers.
Theocracy (from the Greek "power of the gods") - is a form of political system, in which a decisive influence on government policy and all aspects of society is played by religious leaders.From modern theocracy of the most famous is the Vatican City.The essential features of theocracy available in Iran, Saudi Arabia and some other countries.
Authoritarianism is a form of political system in which the relationship of the "state - society" there is a significant priority to the interests of the state structures.Powers of society, in particular, in matters of free election of the holders of power are severely limited.
is the highest form of authoritarianism, totalitarianism, meaning global control of state structures literally over all aspects of society, coupled with the hard coercion, and violence.