By its state structure Germany is a parliamentary federal republic.At the head of the country is the Federal President, who is elected every 5 years by the Federal Assembly - the constitutional body established primarily for this purpose.
German president has very limited powers, foremost among which are the representation of the Bundestag of the Federal Chancellor and the dissolution of the lower house of parliament on the proposal of the Prime Minister.Its responsibility also includes the appointment to senior officer positions in the army, awarding state awards and decisions to pardon convicts.
legislative power in Germany carried out a bicameral parliament.Lower chamber of parliament is the Bundestag, and the top - the Bundesrat.
Bundestag is elected b
y direct vote of the voters on the ground by the majority system for a term of 4 years.The main objective of its activity is lawmaking at the federal level.
Bundesrat MPs are not elected but appointed by the governments of its federal states.It examines the bills concerning federal and state relations.Also, in his competence includes consideration of bills related to the amendments to the existing constitution.
executive power in Germany is represented by the Federal Government, headed by the Federal Chancellor.The main feature of the activities of the German government is that government policy is not carried out by federal ministries themselves, but through the same executive authorities of the federal states of Germany.As soon as the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Interior and Ministry of Defence are an exception.
Besides ministries in the government as part of the Federal Chancellery and the Office for the media, which report directly to the Federal Chancellor.