After World War II the whole Eastern Europe and parts of Central (Germany) came under the control of the USSR.Nominally, the countries of the socialist bloc, except Yugoslavia, were independent democracies, but the practice of relations with the USSR showed quite different.Starting with the 1945-1944 years in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria came to power leaders who were puppets of the Soviet leadership.When visible flurry of activity within the political sphere of the head of the Communist parties in these countries were completely dependent on the leaders from Moscow.It was not until 1968, when Czechoslovakia appeared young democratic reformer Alexander Dubcek, who led his country to a broad liberal pol
icy until the federalization of Czechoslovakia.

Home of the Brezhnev Doctrine



in 1960 in Czechoslovakia began the transition to the so-called "socialism with a human face." ¬ęsocialism with a human face" - is an economic system that prioritizes the well-being of the people.Military expenditure under this system is greatly reduced. Ongoing reforms in Czechoslovakia, the Soviet leadership was not satisfied.The official reason for dissatisfaction was named departure from the ideals of socialism, and Dubcek was accused of violating the principle that proletarian class consciousness was put above the national.Dubcek of Czechoslovakia led along the path of independence from the Soviet Union brought the freedom of speech, movement and started an administrative reform.A few months later Dubcek's reforms the USSR sent troops into the territory of Czechoslovakia.This military operation has entered history under the name "Danube".August 21, 1968 can be considered a day of visiting the Brezhnev Doctrine - the method of military and economic coercion against the socialist bloc unquestioning follow the leadership of the Soviet Union.Brezhnev Doctrine meant open interference in the internal affairs of the countries of Eastern Europe to impose its will in the first place in the public sphere of public life.Since the events in Czechoslovakia in 1968 the Soviet secret service persecuted dissidents in Eastern Europe with the same determination as in the homeland.Actions of the USSR, Western political scientists called Brezhnev doctrine, originated long before the Prague Spring.So, in 1956, Khrushchev military force to suppress the liberation movement in Hungary, which required care pro-Soviet leadership of the country.

Brezhnev Doctrine after the Prague Spring



In the 60s began to increase and strengthen the military-political bloc, the Warsaw Pact, which in fact was needed to accommodate the Soviet troops on the border with Western Europe.The failure of the revolution in Czechoslovakia, led to the fact that the Soviet troops remained in this country until 1990. Prague Spring became a symbol in the struggle of people for their rights.By analogy with the events in Prague in 1968 it was called the revolution in the Arab world in the 21st century. Those circumstances affected Hungary and East Germany.After 1968, the military forces of the Soviet Union, was present throughout the entire territory of Eastern Europe.Now any attempt to move away from the fairway of the Soviet foreign policy of the USSR could not immediately respond to military intervention.Brezhnev Doctrine as a foreign policy lasted nearly half a century.