formation of a new political system
December 8, 1991 the heads of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus - the three largest countries of the former Union had - gathered at the Belarusian Bialowieza Forest.Their aim was to conclude the treaty.Yeltsin, Kravchuk and Shushkevich signed the Agreement on creation of the Commonwealth of Independent States.
This document has a preamble and 14 articles.It said that the Soviet Union ceased to exist.However, based on historical community of Russian, Ukrainian and Belarusian peoples, according to the previously concluded bilateral treaties and so forth., The formation of the CIS it was necessary and appropriate.
Soviet President Gorbachev reacted negatively to the emergence of the Commonwealth that has not prevented the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation to ratify it December 12, 1991.In Bela
rus and Ukraine Agreement on the establishment of the CIS has also passed ratification.
in the Bialowieza agreements (named after the place of signing) indicated that a CIS can join the countries of the former USSR and others.December 13, 1991 on the initiative of Nazarbayev in Ashgabat hosted a meeting of heads of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Armenia, who expressed the desire to join the CIS.However, the representatives of these countries demanded that their participation in the Commonwealth were equal, together with Russia, Belarus and Ukraine.Later he joined the CIS Azerbaijan and Moldova.In 1993, Georgia joined the CIS, which came out of it after the events of 2008.
CIS existed under the Charter, approved on December 22 the same year.Its purpose was proclaimed the creation of the Allies a common economic, social, political, environmental, and humanitarian space.Between member states of the CIS were to operate concessionary terms of border crossings, established free trade zone.
important point was the interaction of the CIS with other international organizations.In 1994, the UN General Assembly granted observer status to the CIS.In 1992, the countries of the CIS announced the peacekeeping policy in relation to each other.Thus leaders tried to avoid violence and threats of violence against each other.For a long time, this agreement is enforced rigorously Kiev.After all, the maintenance of peace and stability was declared an essential condition for the existence of the Commonwealth.