Personal freedom

peasant life after 1861 was the other.They are no longer regarded as serfs.Their status is "temporarily obligated" means only the dependence on the payment of special duties.The farmer received a civil liberties.

Previously the property belonged to the peasants to the landlords, it is now recognized personal to former serfs.This included all houses and movable property.

Farmers were given the right to operate in the villages.The primary unit of society was rural, and at the highest level was listed town.All positions were elected.

After the abolition of serfdom, the peasants still could not have their own land.She belonged to the landlord.But he gave for the use of the peasant houses adjoining the site.It was called "farmstead settl
ed way of life."In addition, there was also put on the field for the needs of the whole community.
Dimensions plots

Under the new reform of state established maximum and minimum size of plots of land.To create the optimal site appeared system "segments" and "Cutting", respectively decreases or increases the ground.The average size of the allotment was 3.3 acres, which meant minimizing compared to the pre-reform period.

In addition, there was a practice of resettlement of peasants in the area of ​​badlands.

From a piece of land could not refuse 49 years.For the use of them peasants had to bear the guilt: serfdom, is the system of working out and dues in cash.

landowner himself was a charter, which specifies the size of the allotment and obligations.Assures the document from the conciliators.
Termination debt

After the 1861 reform of the peasants had a few options to get rid of obligations.

Firstly, it was possible to buy out put.It was the long-term solution to the situation.After redemption farmer became the full owner.

Secondly, the position of the allotment could not refuse.Then the landlord singled out as a gift a quarter of it.

Third, rural society could buy generic plot, freeing peasants from the service.