Who are the sixties?These are people of one generation or worldview?Maybe this is the direction in art, well as the Wanderers, for example?What are they doing and where suddenly zapropastilis?Questions set.The most interesting is that all these questions were asked and continue to ask themselves not only those who are faced with the term, but also those who are passing and ranked as the crowd, so to speak, towards.

not measurable definitions

Someone once referred to a large group of very different people, the beginning of the creative ways in which creativity and peaked in the 60s of the last century, a subculture.And the term went for a walk on the network.But this definition of negligence, as is true in only one aspect of defining the term subculture: indeed, all who ar
e called sixties, different from the dominant culture of their own system of values.Other than the state ideology imposed a system of values.And that's all.Classing very different, often dramatically different people, for some "sub-culture" - it's like that all the Christians of the world, regardless of denomination, also called subculture.Why not?After all, they have almost uniform system of values.But this is wrong.

Among those considered to sixties best known of course, those who engaged in poetic and song creation or writing.Speaking of the sixties the first to come to mind the names of the bards and poets Bulat Okudzhava, Alexander Galich, Alexander Gorodnitski, Yuri Vizbora, Gennady Shpalikov, Bella Akhmadulina, Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Andrei Voznesensky, or prose - Vasily Aksyonov, the brothers Arkady and Boris Strugatsky, Sergei Dovlatov, Vladimir Voinovich.Recalls the director and the actors: Oleg Efremov, Kira Muratova, Danelia, Marlene Hutsiev, Vasily Shukshin, Sergei Paradjanov, Andron Konchalovsky, Andrei Tarkovsky, Mikhail Kazakov, Oleg Dal, Valentin Gaft.And, of course, Vladimir Vysotsky, which is not clear where and include so many-sided it was.But we must not forget about those scientists and human rights without which there would be the sixties: Leo Landau, Andrei Sakharov, Nicolae Aeschlimann, Gleb Yakunin, Lyudmila Alexeyeva, and many others.

Unfortunately, the exact answer to the question - who are the "sixties" - does not exist.Or we can say this: the sixties - this is the era.People created it is very different, and we are all lucky that they are building on the principles of freedom of creativity, created this era continue to influence the minds and attitudes of society.

Atlanta hold the sky

First of all, those mythological sixties - creative personality.What would those not engaged in bitter lyrics and physics, poets, scientists, bards, writers, artists, architects, actors, directors, geologists, astrophysicists and neuroscientists, mathematicians, and navigators, sculptors, philosophers and even clergy - they Atlanta twentieth century.Atlanta, originated the civilization of people valor and honor, for which the measure of all - freedom.The only possible cult: the cult of human dignity.

the best of them tank drove totalitarian system and someone has become a dissident, because once you are choosing to enter the area, or stay home to protest against the arbitrariness of the system or continue to whisper in the kitchen, they have chosen the action: Exit to the area, meeting and supportFriends unfair trials.Otherwise they would not have to live, such as the poet and writer Natalia Gorbanevskaya and neurophysiologist Vladimir Bukovsky.

Many of them tried to stay out of politics, in the space of freedom of the spirit and creativity, while politicians have not taken them close and they were forced to emigrate later - in the seventies: Vladimir Voinovich, Vasily Aksenov, Andrei Sinyavsky, Andrei Tarkovsky.

Those who remained in the Soviet Union, drank a full choke terry stagnation 70s and timelessness of the early '80s: some are built into the system and became a craftsman of art, or a human rights defender, a functionary, Vladimir Lukin, someone sooner burned, urging the body with various substances, could not resist passed away voluntarily.

They are not people of the same generation.Among them were born in the late twenties, most in the thirties, and someone in the middle of the forties of the last century.Beginning of each of them also do not have to exactly 1960. For example, one of the brightest creative teams, and exponent of the ideas of the sixties - Contemporary Theatre - was born in 1956, almost after Stalin's death, when in a short period of thaw melted repressive terrorist smog over one-sixthpart of the land.Yes, this is when they began to appear - the sixties.

possible to touch the era?Try to feel it?Why not.This can help movies that time reflected the best: "I'm twenty years old," Marlena Hutsieva, "My elder brother" Alexander Zarkhi, "Journalist" by Sergei Gerasimov, "Brief Encounters" by Kira Muratova, "He lives a guy" Vasily Shukshin,"The Story of Asya Klyachina" Andron Konchalovsky, "I Step Through Moscow" Georgy Danelia, "Oh How It Hurts 66" Rolan Bykov.

Top Secret.Before reading burn

sixties of the last century, breathing the spirit of freedom in the world.These were years of global changes outlook.
US, Western and Eastern Europe, Japan, Guatemala and Angola, Australia and Thailand, China and Argentina, Mexico and Brazil ... Resistance repressive system produces fires and barricades, Molotov cocktails and mass anti-war demonstrations, guerrilla war and the ethnic uprising.Student intellectual work of the French Revolution of 1968 and the invasion of the Soviet Army in Czechoslovakia in the same year - the two faces of a democratic and totalitarian thinking long identified progressive and regressive way of development, have affected exactly twenty years.

humanist ideas, sexy and technological revolution (the creation of the first computers) - all this, too, comes from the 60s.And the music The Beatles, rock, masterpieces of cinematic art and a splash of intellectual and philosophical thought, the cultivation of democratic and libertarian-democratic principles and values.

60s of the last century changed the world.Ideas originating there, continue to change it.Even though the stagnation of the 70s and 80s timelessness running the update mechanism of social thought continues to have a huge impact on the progressive trends and directions in different countries around the world, encourages people to protest, solidarity and action.

Sixties one sixth of the land long ago become urban legends.Those who survived, as well as leaving one after another, but to preserve the ideals as true mythological Titans, fortitude, the young soul and mind, affect and orient the action of the younger generation.So there is hope for a revolutionary social-evolutionary breakthrough.