Versailles system



the Treaty of Versailles was signed on 28 June 1919 between representatives of the victorious countries: USA, UK, Italy, France and Japan, as well as their allies and Germany capitulated.He formally concluded the First World War.This agreement became the basis for the European part of the Versailles-Washington system.Also, the part of the Versailles Saint-Germain entered a peace treaty Nёyisky a peace treaty, the Treaty of Trianon, Treaty of Sevres.Russia at the time was immersed in the chaos of civil war and the establishment of the new system did n
ot participate, despite the fact that she was invited to the signing of the Treaty of Versailles.

greatest benefit from the Versailles system received power, which formed under the influence of political and military-strategic conditions negotiated agreements - France, UK, USA, Japan.Interests of Soviet Russia, and defeated the newly formed states were ignored completely.After joining the Treaty of Versailles by a US Senate did not wish to commit themselves to the League of Nations, refused to ratify it, concluding with Germany in the summer of 1921 a special agreement.Absolute anti-German orientation, isolation of Soviet Russia, the discrimination provisions of the vanquished states and the US refusal to attend the Versailles system made it unstable, unbalanced and vulnerable.

Washington system



US diplomats, who have been unable to achieve great success and strengthening of US influence in the international arena when contracting Versailles, seeking revenge, initiated the convening of a conference in Washington.The main purpose of the event was the consideration of matters relating to the post-war balance of power in the Pacific.As a result of the meetings was awarded a number of contracts.

«Treaty four states", signed between the United States, France, Britain, Japan, stipulate guarantees of immunity island possessions, and conditions for the construction of warships.

«Treaty of five states" between the United States, France, Britain, Italy and Japan, which prohibited the construction of military ships tonnage above 35 kyr.m.

«Treaty of nine states" between the United States, Britain, France, Japan, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, Portugal and China, proclaims the principle of respect for the sovereignty of China.

Prisoners in Washington agreement complemented the Versailles system of treaties of 1919-1920 After the conference Versailles-Washington system of international relations, to formalize the results of the First World War, formed completely.