At first glance, the nationality of facial features can be defined.At least in those cases where many generations of relatives living in the same neighborhood and have a very characteristic described in the specialized literature, appearance.
So, if say, for example, the Italians, in the view of many people is a picture: a narrow dark face, dark eyes, black curly hair, quick, jerky movements, emotional speech.Opinion on Scandinavia opposite: bright, often white hair, very fair skin, blue or gray eyes, high growth, slowness in movements and
Chinese are distinguished by a short, dark, yellowish, skin, narrow brown eyes, a small nose and thin lips.And the residents, for example, Peru and Chile are both people of small stature, dark-haired, white-skinned, smooth, beardless faces, small, slightly slanting eyes, a large nose and thin lips.
But if you ask the opinion of anthropologists on this subject (and residents of these countries) are such descriptions will not agree, because this characteristic, and it does not fully corresponds to only part of the population of acountries.Yes and the term "nationality", which was coined only in the 19th century in many countries used to indicate citizenship (citizenship) rather than ethnic traits.That is why, if you talk about a Frenchman, it does not necessarily have delicate features, a little dark skin, dark, slightly curly hair and krupnovat, smooth or aquiline nose.It may be representative of black Africa, whose ancestors had once taken root in the country of the Gauls.
more correct to speak of human races, each of which has a similar gene pool and to the geographic area of ​​distribution.Traditionally allocate only three major races: Eurasian (Caucasians), the equatorial (Negroid) and Asian-American (Mongoloids).But many anthropologists are of the opinion that the races, from a biological point of view, more - about ten.
In particular, known as the South African, Australoid, Americanoid other races, which differ in the color of the skin, eyes and hair, and facial features of the structure, growth, etc.Races in turn, are divided into small scholars of race and different types of the main race.For example, in Africa, there are Sudanese, South African, Nilotic, Central and Ethiopian types.At the same time, scientists recognized that the options may be more, but the faces of Africans are poorly understood.
But in Europe and Asia, the facial features of people classified by type much better.From the shores of the Mediterranean to the south of Central Asia inhabited by a small Indo-Mediterranean race.The appearance of its members as a whole is characterized dark skin, and high narrow face, almond-shaped eyes, straight nose and narrow and relatively thin lips.The growth of their usually not very high and elongated figure, fragile.
To the north of this area stretches a chain of mountains - the Alps and the Balkans, and to the Himalayas.The population of this zone belongs to the small Balkan-Caucasus race.It is characterized by lighter skin, lighter than in the first case, the hair and the eyes (often with a reddish tint), massive, tall and stocky physique.These people have a big nose, often aquiline, increased hair growth on the face and body, often broad face.
the north of the mountain belt spread different types of Northern Caucasians.They have a light-colored eyes and hair, higher growth and lower eye slit.It is also noted that from west to east in people gradually increases the width of the face and reduces the growth of beard and mustache.
average band in Europe - the so-calledBrown Belt, habitat of Central European race.People here are different different shades of brown hair, mixed shades of eyes, different forms of the nose and lips.But more often straight, prominent nose with a straight or curved back and thin lips.
also greatly differ Atlanto-Baltic and the White Sea-Baltic race.The first scientist even called discolored Indo-Mediterranean race, and believe that the roots of its origin are somewhere in the south.More eastern White Sea-Baltic race - the lightest of all Caucasians.
But it should be borne in mind that in all described small races is allocated a number of different types, in which the layman to understand virtually impossible.Moreover, that does not stop the process of so-called cross-breeding - the mixing of races as a result of the movement of people and marriage partners "foreign" genotype.Thus, we can conclude that the appearance is deceptive.