main aspects of the process of social mobility are the direction and the channel.Social mobility is characterized by multi-channel, but the main channels, ways to change the status of a modern society considered education and professional self-determination.

In isolated areas of horizontal and vertical social mobility.The horizontal social mobility occurs within a social stratum (in the modern society - the class), for example, when a representative of the working class or senior managers change jobs within its jurisdiction that does not lead to a significant increase or decrease in their social status and income.

upward social mobility, in contrast, characterized by a marked change in the social and economic status of the individual and, in turn, can be ascending and descending.Upward social mobility occurs on the p
rinciple of raising the status of, for example, when a young man, born in a family of workers, received a good education in the scholarship program, and thanks to a brilliant and high academic performance received the prestigious post.This event automatically moves it into the middle class.

Highly qualified specialists - the middle class - can also raise its status to a higher class due to the formation of the income of the capital and the acquisition of assets that provide income, regardless of whether there is the owner of a profession that brings a regular income.Thus, upward social mobility occurs at all levels of the industrial class societies.

a similar scenario occurs downward social mobility, only this time in the direction of reducing the social and economic status of the person due to adverse life circumstances, both internal and external.For example, during the military conflict is greatly reduced standard of living and, therefore, socio-economic status of the population in areas where there are military operations.

Internally, personal reasons for the downward social mobility are the physical and mental illness, low overall cultural level of the individual, lack of motivation to improve their status and others.

According to statistics, social mobility in modern class societies takes place in a limited range.This means that only a small part of the population during their lifetime manage to significantly improve their socio-economic status.In other words, the well-known expression "from rags to riches" is true for a very small percentage of society.The overwhelming majority of people in my life just goes on prescribed birth status, moving or only within their social stratum by horizontal mobility or in a nearby vertical social class.

as an analytical tool of social mobility demonstrates the level of implementation of the principle of equal opportunities in a given society.Recent studies show that the ideal distribution of opportunities unattainable as the ideal distribution of any goods.