history of German philosophy
can assume that German philosophy began with the writings of Immanuel Kant, Georg Hegel and Friedrich Nietzsche.They greatly influenced the world not only his contemporaries but also his many followers and opponents who, while arguing with him, could not escape from this influence.
In the future, German philosophy was marked by names like Gottfried Leibniz, Karl Marx, Arthur Schopenhauer, Friedrich Nietzsche.Contemporary philosophers such as Martin Heidegger, Wittgenstein, and Jürgen Habermas, in no small measure contribute to the support of the image of the German school of philosophy, as a very powerful and profound.
fundamental work "Critique of Pure Reason"
where Kant opened the notion of the transcendent, became the foundation of his philosophy, and laid the foundation for the whole of German classical tradition of philosophy.Kant classifies human judgment, dividing them into arpiorno-posteriori and synthetic and analytical.
synthetic judgments are those that are not being generated reveal their subject, yet isolated new knowledge.Analytical are not new knowledge, but only to explain those judgments that have been hiding in the subject, to breed them.A priori judgments are those that do not need to check they are true or not, but a posteriori judgments necessarily require empirical verification.Kant adds that synthetic judgments, as a rule, are a posteriori (scientific discoveries), and analytical - a priori (logical sequence).
Kant was the founder of the philosophical currents, which was called by the German idealism.
was a follower of Kant, Hegel, but his idealism was the objective.His views are very much at odds with other idealists as Hegel was somewhat different logic.It is generally very attentive to logic, which has studied the works of the great Greek philosophers, outlining the results of his thinking in his work "The Science of Logic."
Hegel claimed that the Absolute Spirit - is the foundation of everything, it is infinite, and this is enough to know yourself fully.However, in order to know, he needs to see itself, so you need to manifestation.Hegel believed that the history of the history of conflict - an important part of the national contradictions spirits, and when they disappear, the absolute spirit come to the absolute idea itself, which will be the result of this knowledge.Then comes the realm of freedom.
Hegel's logic is quite complex, so his work is often misunderstood and incorrectly translated into other languages.
Works of Friedrich Nietzsche is quite atypical for philosophers.He deliberately refused to express his thoughts in a conventional manner, preferring literary style.Nietzsche also refused to disclose the grounds and arguments unfolding.This gave him considerable freedom as you can write whatever he thought or seen directly, refusing to follow any theory, even its own.Nietzsche's ideas greatly influenced the Western world, not only in the philosophical.