strategic importance of the conversion of Peter the Great



Peter the Great understood that his military activity hardly compatible with the state administration.Therefore, it was decided to reform the state apparatus.This process began with 1712, when the Senate was created, and ended in 1723, when complete the reform of the regional administration and the established chain of fiscal control.These changes have enhanced the vertical of power, as well as lead to the strengthening of the executive power, where special bodies - the board - is responsible for all areas of activity.ASIC, thanks to the reform of the state apparatus to
settle the question of military equipment, including the conscription issue resolved.

important reforms of the army and navy started even during the Great Northern War (1700-1721).As the sample was taken by the European experience.Officers consisting of foreign specialists, added and officers from the nobility.This contributed to the beginning of the operation and navigation, artillery, engineering schools.The main result of the reform - the creation of a powerful regular army and navy.

Church has also undergone reform: Peter abolished its autonomy and subordinated to the imperial hierarchy.A series of decrees began to emerge from 1701, where the main result was the abolition of the patriarchate, and the war has forced Peter to remove all valuables from the church vaults.Endless War - first Azov campaigns after - Northern War, demanded huge financial costs.Carried out in 1704 reform has led to changes in currency exchange and the introduction of the poll tax.The size of the Treasury for 1725 increased 3 times.

Russian industry is also demanding reforms.The problem of the backlog of Russian production, it was decided by attracting foreign masters, getting rid of taxes on manufacturers and domestic duties, as well as the construction of large plants.Peter - the founder of the domestic heavy industry, the main result of his reforms - the middle of the century, Russia was ranked first in the world in the production of metals.

Social Policy



Social Policy Peter was aimed at strengthening the legal class rights and duties.He built a new structure of society, which had the class character.This expanded the rights of nobles and peasants there: feudal oppression was considerably strengthened.

starting point in cultural change is considered to be the introduction of a new era.Byzantine era replaced by the year of our Lord, that is renumbered years.An important innovation - the communion of the nobility to the formation by the appearance of secular educational institutions.

undergone significant changes and domestic forms.The decoration of houses, lifestyle, food and a person's appearance began to rely on the European experience.All this formed and a new value system.