deposit is one of the measures of procedural coercion, used exclusively by the court.The essence of this measure is to transfer a certain amount of cash and other liquid values ​​in a special escrow account with the subsequent release of the suspect or the accused.Transferred collateral guarantees appearance of the alleged perpetrator of any challenge of the investigating authorities to carry out the proceedings, the trial.In addition, the bail shall ensure the proper conduct of the person under investigation, the lack of new illegal acts on his part.

Features procedures for the application of collateral

initiative election pledge as a preventive measure should come from the suspect, the other is ready to make the necessary
amount of persons (natural or legal).In order to implement the measure concerned person applies to the court for bail application.Provided positive decision on the request of the court requires to deposit a certain sum of money to the escrow account.After the execution of the said orders suspect or the accused is released from arrest, but in violation of the terms of cooperation with the investigating authorities, committing new crimes, this measure will be replaced by more rigorous and transferred deposit will be converted to the state.In other cases after the conviction or acquittal amount of deposit is returned to the person who made it.

Restrictions on the use of collateral

procedural legislation provides for certain restrictions which are taken into account by the court, other authorized bodies in the application of collateral.Since transmitted as a security amount is determined individually in each case, but it can not be less than 100,000 rubles for suspects accused of crimes the small, medium severity.For serious, very serious crimes minimum threshold pledge increased to 500,000 rubles.Deposit payment is usually carried out by transferring the funds to a special (deposit) bank account.But the law allows the use as collateral other assets (such as securities).Property for collateral should be chosen taking into account the need for the possibility of applying penalties on it in the future.