epic genre

early days of the ancient Greek literature can be considered as 240 BCIt was then that the Roman public for the first time looked at the performance of Latin.It was the play, translated and adapted Livy Andronicus.He was the founder of the epic genre in Rome, moving poem "The Odyssey" of the ancient Greek poet Homer in the form of old Latin poetry, which is also called the Saturn poetry.

first author, had recourse to the Roman subjects, was Gnaeus Nevij.He, like Livius Andronicus, wrote in the epic genre.One of his poems Nevij Gnaeus dedicated to the First Punic War, in which he participated.

Ennius wrote a historical epic, known as the "Annals", which describes the history of Rome from its foundation up to the age in which the poet lived.He borrowed the Greek poetic dime
nsion - dactylic hexameter, which has become the main form of the ancient Roman epic poetry.

second most important after the homer in the genre of epic poetry is considered to be the Roman poet Virgil who wrote "Aeneid" in which he described the journey of the Greek hero Aeneas after the Trojan War.

The shape, size of the verse, the rhythm of "Metamorphoses" of Ovid also fall into the category of the epic genre.But in contrast to the "Aeneid" by Virgil, Ovid in the product is no single storyline. «Metamorphoses" - a collection of stories and myths of Greek and Roman heroes.They are united by a common theme - the conversion of the main characters.

Roman satire

Early Latin literature has to exist with the arrival of Gaius Lucilius.He created a new genre of poetry, wrote his 30 books of satire.He became a follower of Juvenal, who developed a satirical genre.Horace wrote many poems in the genre of satire, ridiculing human vices.By satirical authors also adjacent Ovid.

lyric poetry

Romans borrowed from the Greek lyric poetry.The name itself indicates that the poems were accompanied by playing the lyre.This form of poetry resorted Horace, describing their lives and Roman society.Lyric poetry as a good command of Catullus.His main literary work, a collection of love poetry, called "Towards Lesbia."


epigram - a short poem, which is usually the last line is humorous in nature, or a witty remark.

Romans borrowed the genre from his Greek predecessors and contemporaries. In contrast to the Greek, Roman epigrams are more satirical nature.Sometimes they are used rather harsh words and expressions.

among the Roman writers who loved the genre, it may be noted Domitius Mars and Marcus Annaeus Lucan.More known epigrams Gaius Valerius Catullus.Master Latin epigrams Martial considered.His poetry is closer to the modern genre of epigram.He often resorted to satire.