Tip 1: How to find the planets in the sky

On sky with the naked eye can see five planets - Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn.Sometimes they disappear, and to observe them, you need to use binoculars or telescopes.However, during periods when they are seen often enough and durable.We just need to know what part of the sky they are, and their features.
you need
  • can use binoculars or a telescope.
Guide
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five planets discovered in ancient times, when there were no telescopes.The nature of their motion across the sky is different from the movement of the stars.On the basis of this, people separated planet of millions of stars.
There are internal and external planet .Mercury and Venus are closer to the Sun than the Earth.Their location in the sky always dream sky close to the horizon.Accordingly, these two planets called internal planetami.Takzhe Mercury and Venus as it follows the sun.Nevertheless, they are visible to the naked eye at the time of maximum elongation, i.e.while the maximum angular distance from Solntsa
.Eti planet can be seen at dusk shortly after sunset or in the wee hours.Venus is much bigger than Mercury is much brighter and easier to see.When Venus appears in the sky , the brightness of her like no one star.Venus shines white light.If we carefully look at it, for example, with the help of binoculars or a telescope, you will notice that it has different phases, like the Moon.Venus can be seen in the form of a sickle, decreasing or increasing.In early 2011, Venus was visible for about three hours before dawn.Once again, the naked eye it can be the end of October.It will be visible in the evening, in the south-west in the constellation Libra.Toward the end of the year will increase its brightness and duration of visibility.Mercury is mostly visible during twilight, it is rather difficult to detect.For this the ancients called it the god of twilight.In 2011, it can be seen from the end of August, about a month.The planet will first be seen in the morning hours in the constellation Cancer, and then enters the constellation of Leo.
How to find
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to the outer planets are, respectively, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn.They are best seen in moments of conflict, iewhen the Earth is on a straight line between the planet and the sun.Staying sky they can all noch.Vo time of maximum brightness of Mars (-2,91m) is second only to the planet Venus (-4m) and Jupiter (-2,94 m).Evening and morning Mars appears as a reddish-orange "star", and in the middle of the night light changes to yellow.In 2011, Mars will appear on summer sky and again disappear at the end of November.In August, the planet can be seen in the constellation Gemini, and by September it will move into the constellation Raka.Yupiter often seen on the sky as one of the brightest stars.Despite this, it is interesting to watch it with binoculars or a telescope.In this case, it becomes visible disk surrounding the planet and four largest moons.The planet will be in June 2011, in the eastern sky.Jupiter will be closer to the Sun, gradually losing brightness.Closer to the fall of its brightness begins to increase again.In late October, Jupiter will go into opposition.Accordingly, the autumn months and December - the best time for observing the planet.
From mid-April to early June, and Saturn is the only planet that can be seen with the naked eye.The next favorable period for observing Saturn will be in November.This planet slowly moved across the sky and the whole year will be in the constellation Virgo.

Tip 2: How to find Venus in the sky

Astronomical observations - is extremely interesting to do.One of the brightest celestial bodies available for monitoring an amateur astronomer, is Venus.How to detect this planet in the sky?
How to find Venus in the sky
Guide
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Arm telescope.Venus appears in the sky as a bright star, and it can be seen with the naked eye, but for research technique is a must.
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Venus revolves around the sun faster than Earth, so it can be seen 2 times a day.Go to the observation point, or in the morning or in the evening.In the evening, Venus should look to the west, and before sunrise - to the east side.
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Set the telescope and make the necessary calculations.You need to understand what is at the moment the plane of the ecliptic.This is the name the way in which the sun moves across the sky. Venus , like most other celestial bodies, is best observed during the period of extension, that is, at a time when the planet is farthest from the sun.The maximum angle between Venus and the day luminary never exceeds 47 degrees.In the afternoon we are interested in the planet can not be seen because of the background of sunlight.We can notice it only when it deviates from the sun for at least five degrees.
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Calculate the ideal time to observe.Venus will be visible for 20 minutes before sunrise and 20 minutes after sunset.It is best to observe its appearance in the sky at the summer and winter solstice, that is the period of greatest elongation.
Every seven months of this planet turns into the brightest object in the night sky.At this time, it glows 20 times brighter than Sirius - the biggest stars of the northern sky. Venus is often called the "Evening Star."But consider what happens on the surface, it can not be even the most powerful telescope of the dense atmospheric layers and heavy clouds.Only recently, with the help of satellites, scientists have penetrated the mystery of the surface of the mysterious planet.And it is considered the patron of lovers, as named in honor of the goddess of love.
Helpful Hint
night sky better watch outside the city.
Sources:
  • which planets are visible today

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