collapse of the state
26 December 1991 is the official date of the dissolution of the USSR.A day earlier, President Gorbachev announced that "reasons of principle" stops its activity on the occupied post.December 26, the Supreme Council of the USSR adopted a declaration on the disintegration of the state.
The Union disintegrated included 15 Soviet Socialist Republics.The legal successor of the Soviet Union was the Russian Federation.Russia declared sovereignty June 12, 1990.Exactly a year and a half the leaders of the country, it was announced secession from the USSR.Legal "independence" came Dec. 26, 1991.
Previously, all of the sovereignty and independence of the Baltic republics proclaimed.Already November 16, 1988 the Estonian Soviet Socialist
Republic declared its sovereignty.A few months later in 1989, the Lithuanian SSR and the Latvian SSR also declared sovereignty.Even the legal independence of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania have received several before the official collapse of the USSR - September 6th, 1991. December 8, 1991 was established the Union of Independent States.In fact, this Union this organization be failed and the CIS has turned into a formal meeting of the leaders of the States Parties.
Among the Transcaucasian republics fastest wanted to secede from the Union, Georgia.On the independence of the Republic of Georgia was announced April 9, 1991.Republic of Azerbaijan declared its independence on Aug. 30, 1991, and the Republic of Armenia - September 21, 1991.
From August 24 to 27 October declared its withdrawal from the Union, Ukraine, Moldova, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan.The longest, in addition to Russia, did not announce its withdrawal from the Soviet Union, Belarus (left Union 8 December 1991) and Kazakhstan (resigned from the Soviet Union 16 December 1991).
failed attempts to obtain independence
Some Autonomous Region and Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic as previously tried to secede from the USSR and declare independence.That they finally succeeded, though with the republic in which they were autonomous.
January 19, 1991 Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic which was a part of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic, tried to secede from the Union.After some time, the Republic of Nakhchivan within Azerbaijan managed to leave the Soviet Union. Currently on the territory of the former Soviet Union formed a new alliance.In place of the failed projects of the Union of Independent States integration comes in a new format - the Eurasian Union.
within the Russian Federation emerged from the Soviet Union of Tatarstan and Chechnya-Ingushetia, who were trying to get out of the Soviet Union alone.The Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic also failed to gain independence and seceded from the Soviet Union only in conjunction with Ukraine.