At the root
Strangely enough, but no consensus about who exactly invented a much-needed tool to researchers, no.The fact that the very first research and experiments carried out in this direction even Euclid and Ptolemy in the second century in his treatise "Optics" described the main characteristics of the so-called flammable glass.
In 1610, Galileo observed that with the help of his famous "tube Galileo" could be considered small objects with high magnification.Thus, it can be considered Galileo creator first microscope, at least, its circuit composed of positive and negative lenses.
Since then, across Europe begin intensive research in this direction.Faber in 1625 coined the term "microscope."
Age of Discoveries
In general, the whole XVII century was a turning point in the study of optics.Throughout created more and more new, more sophi
sticated design of microscopes.Particularly successful in this business reached A. Kircher.It was he who, in his work in 1646 described the design of the most achievements of the microscope, which he called "flea glass»
The device consisted of a magnifying glass in a brass frame, the stage lighting and mirrors located at the bottom.Lupa moved by a special screw and allowed to set up a clear and precise image.That is the scheme and was the basis for the creation of modern optical microscopes.
invention Huygens eyepiece system and the creation of schemes of achromatic, ie colorless image has substantially raise the resolution of the microscope.Then K. Drebel developed a scheme microscope lens and eyepiece based on lenticular lenses.Having a large enough and quality increase, but it was an inverted image.
However, the situation corrected Robert Hooke.In 1661 he added another in the scheme of the lens and thereby created a microscope actually extant.
But what Leeuwenhoek?
From school is well known that none other than Anthony van Leeuwenhoek invented the microscope.Now one must wonder - is this true?It is believed that his contribution to history is invaluable for this reason.
Antony van Leeuwenhoek was born in Delft in 1632.Occupying the position of gatekeeper at the City Hall, in his spare time, he was fond of grinding lenses.He managed to create a small lens with a huge increase in the order of 300 - 400 fold.
With their help, he began to study normal water and came to a startling discovery.It Leeuwenhoek found a practical application of a huge increase, becoming a true ancestor of microbiology.
In 1661 he presented his discovery of the Royal Society of Science and was awarded the title of the greatest explorer and inventor of the microscope.