Tip 1: How was the 1912 Olympic Games in Stockholm

Olympic Games in Stockholm (Sweden), the fifth of its kind, took place from May 5 to July 27, 1912.They participated in 2407 athletes, including 48 women, from 28 countries.The program was announced 14 sports and arts competitions 5, was played 102 sets of medals.



Yet none Olympics were not organized so carefully - built a beautiful stadium, detailed program of the competition.Literally the whole town watched the Olympics, overall festive atmosphere reigned.Finally, Pierre de Coubertin saw the implementation of its basic ideas.

density results of participants, as well as an abundance of records showed that the rivalry of athletes at the Olympic Games has reached a level where to win in any sport you need to train hard.

Sending a large team of Russia (178 persons) in these conditions led to a very bad performance of our team.The newspapers even called it "the sports Tsushima."The team in the unofficial standings took only 16th place, and all because she was hastily staffed.

most gold medals had
the US team - a total of 63 medals, including 25 gold and 19 silver and bronze.However, the total number of medals (65 pieces) States overtook Sweden (24 + 24 + 17), and the third place was taken by sportsmen from the UK - 41 medals (10 + 15 + 16).

noteworthy that the entrance at the time of the Russian Finland presented an independent team, eventually taking pride of place 4 with 26 medals (9 + 8 + 9).Russia had a total of 4 medals (2 "silver" and two "bronze").However, there was one more medal - gold.She handed Connick Carol Rummel after the competition.Overcoming obstacles, an athlete failed to cope with the latter.As a result, his horse fell Rummel.However, the athlete will power climbed on his horse and reached the finish line, constantly holding on to his chest.After the race he lost consciousness and with a fractured thigh 5 was taken to hospital in Stockholm.

this drama the next king of Sweden Gustav V, part-time patron of the Games.He personally ordered to cast another medal and give it Rummel directly in the hospital ward.

also at the Games V Olympiad was first organized a competition of art.And the first "gold" in the framework of the cultural program of the Games was awarded the poem "Ode to Sport".Its authors were German and the Frenchman M. Eschbach G. Hohrod, although it later emerged that the "Ode to Sport" wrote Pierre de Coubertin, and these names were merely aliases.So Coubertin wanted to reconcile French and German peoples under conditions of growing threat of military action.


Tip 2: Summer Olympics 1912 in Stockholm

fifth Olympic Games in 1912 were held in Stockholm from 6 to 27 July.Sweden's capital was chosen to host the Games by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1904 in Berlin.
Summer Olympics 1912 in Stockholm



Inauguration fifth Olympic Games held July 6, 1912 at Royal Stadium.The opening ceremony was attended by King Gustav V of Sweden and Pierre de Coubertin.Stadiums that can accommodate 32,000 spectators were packed to capacity.

The competition was attended by 2407 athletes from 28 countries.The competitions were held in 14 sports, which is somewhat smaller than the number of disciplines previous Olympics, but the total number of events has increased.The Olympic program first appeared pentathlon for the first time were held swimming competitions among women.It is at the Olympic Games in Stockholm in the competition program included classical discipline became - Relay 4 100 and 4 400 meters and running by 5000 and 10,000 meters.

Competitions were held in a very hard fight, but in many sports at a glance favorites.So, in the women's 800 meters was not equal to the Americans - James Meredith, Melvin Shepherd and Ayre Davenport.

In run 5 kilometers dramatic struggle broke out between the Finn Hannes Kolehmaynenom and Frenchman Jean Bouin.Victory predicted the French runner, set in pre-race world record.I do not doubt the victory and the athlete, who believed that he had no worthy opponents.However, immediately after the start of the race it was clear that he was not going to give young Finnish athlete Hannes Kolehmainen.The distance they ran hand in hand - if one managed to get ahead, the other immediately caught up with him, and so seventeen times.For the second to finish the Frenchman managed to beat the opponent, but in the last meters of the Finn overtook him and still managed to cross the finish line first.Record set the day before the Frenchman was soon improved by 30 seconds, which was a truly phenomenal achievement.At the same Olympics Hannes Kolehmainen won two gold medals in the women's 10,000 meters and cross country 8,000 meters.

The shot put the Americans in the lead, gold and silver won by Patrick McDonald and Ralph Rose.Americans have excelled in the women's 110 meters hurdles gold won by Fred Kelly.

Very interesting were wrestling.The duration of labor was limited to one hour, in the case of a tie the winner was determined by points.But in the semifinals and the final time was not limited, as a result of a fight with the Russians M. Klein Finn A. Asikaynenom lasted 10 hours.The victory went to the Finn.Since he won it in the semifinals, he immediately without rest had to participate in the final battle, which he lost to Swedish athlete.All protests Finns and Russians supported them were rejected.

Such unfair decisions in this competition was a lot.So, during the competition on shooting the rain.For Swedish shooters organizers immediately built a shed, with athletes from other countries were not allowed under him.As a result, the Swedes won seven gold medals, six silver and four bronze.They won in the general team classification, received 24 gold, 24 silver and 17 bronze medals.

awards ceremony took place at Royal Stadium.After the presentation of medals was a banquet, which was attended by all competitors.Speaking Pierre de Coubertin stated the need for more organized way to spend the next Olympics and celebrate their joy and harmony.


Sources:
  • 1912 Olympic Games

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