Decide what seasons are going to live in the house .This will determine the type of house.There are several types:
Garden (cottage) - the cheapest, mainly due to lack of heating.
cottage must maintain even temperature is lowered to -25 °.There are such expensive homes.
Homes for permanent residence, except heating, are equipped with gas, water and other blessings of civilization.
Select the material from which to build.Most often it is brick or wood, and the main advantage of the first - durability, and the second - cheapness.The walls are made of wood with a brick at equal thickness have better insulating characteristics, so if you want to save, select a tree.
determine the width and depth of the foundation according to the formula: b
= N / L (R-yh).
N - weight of the building (including snow, roofs, floors, etc.) in kilograms;
L - the length of the foundation under osyuv centimeters;
R - resistance of the soil in kilograms per square centimeter;
y - the material density in kilograms per cubic centimeter;
h - the height of the foundation in centimeters.
Under the load-bearing walls for greater reliability, increase the weight by 20-30%.When calculating consider soil type and depth of freezing.
walls of wood are of three types: wireframe, cobbled and timbered.
frame relevant for garden houses, used in certain seasons, this is the cheapest option.
cobbled walls require a bit more material and labor.Houses with walls so much blown winter, especially in the corners, so either use this option in a holiday home , or take action.
most expensive wall - log.For the production of carcass, that is, the foundations of the walls have to invite specialists.The most common types of log cabins - "in the cup", featuring high resistance, and "paw" in which wood is consumed less.