Guide
1
Decide what seasons are going to live in the house .This will determine the type of house.There are several types:
Garden (cottage) - the cheapest, mainly due to lack of heating.
cottage must maintain even temperature is lowered to -25 °.There are such expensive homes.
Homes for permanent residence, except heating, are equipped with gas, water and other blessings of civilization.
2
Select the material from which to build.Most often it is brick or wood, and the main advantage of the first - durability, and the second - cheapness.The walls are made of wood with a brick at equal thickness have better insulating characteristics, so if you want to save, select a tree.
3
determine the width and depth of the foundation according to the formula: b
= N / L (R-yh).
N - weight of the building (including snow, roofs, floors, etc.) in kilograms;
L - the length of the foundation under osyuv centimeters;
R - resistance of the soil in kilograms per square centimeter;
y - the material density in kilograms per cubic centimeter;
h - the height of the foundation in centimeters.
Under the load-bearing walls for greater reliability, increase the weight by 20-30%.When calculating consider soil type and depth of freezing.
4
walls of wood are of three types: wireframe, cobbled and timbered.
frame relevant for garden houses, used in certain seasons, this is the cheapest option.
cobbled walls require a bit more material and labor.Houses with walls so much blown winter, especially in the corners, so either use this option in a holiday home , or take action.
most expensive wall - log.For the production of carcass, that is, the foundations of the walls have to invite specialists.The most common types of log cabins - "in the cup", featuring high resistance, and "paw" in which wood is consumed less.