in the founding year of Petrograd architect Trezzini commissioned by Tsar Peter the Great laid the wooden church of Saints Peter and Paul on the territory of the fortress, while necessary to protect the Neva lands conquered during the Northern War with the erection of the Shvetsiey.S Cathedral and on the banks of the Neva returned Orthodoxy as the Swedes, long dominant in the traditional Russian territories adhered to Lutheranism.Peter commanded by Domenico Trezzini begin construction Cathedral and the bell tower, instead of the altar.This decision was due to the sovereign necessity of its use as a viewing platform where you can always ha
ve advance notice of the Swedish army attack.In addition, Peter wanted to build on the banks of the Neva River skyline, significantly different from the existing buildings in Russia for its style and decoration.Examples Western arhitekturostroeniya caught the imagination of the Russian sovereign during trips abroad to Europe, so Peter's baroque, to which this structure has the features of the European zdaniy.V its original form, the Peter and Paul Cathedral have failed to stand up to April 1756.On the night of 29 on April 30, 1756 the church was destroyed by a lightning strike.Immediately issued a decree for the early restoration of the shrine.The new stone bell tower was restored several decades.During the reign of Catherine II began to restore the temple of the primeval project by Domenico Trezzini, but the new wooden structure of the spire, increased from 112 to 117 meters, was completed on the project Brauera.Krome that already during the reign of Peter the Peter and Paul Cathedral became the official burial place of Russian tsars.There were also the remains of the last Russian emperor and his family.Therefore, this shrine is not only architecture, but also national, ideological heritage of the Russian people.