Kazimir Malevich - the founder of Suprematism
future artist was born in 1878 in Kiev in a family of immigrants from Poland.Education Malevich was first in the Kyiv Drawing School, then - in the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture.In addition, he spent several years attending art studio F. Rerberg.
first known references to the works of Kazimir Malevich is associated with 14 exhibitions of the Moscow Association of Artists in 1907, when there were two sketches of the artist.He participated in the exhibitions "Jack of Diamonds", the First Moscow Salon "Union of Youth", "Donkey's Tail", "modern painting."
Just over 10 years from 1903 to 1913, the artist has gone from Impressionism and Symbolism to the Russian variety of Fauvism - prim
itivism, and further - to the Cubo-Futurism and Suprematism. Kazimir Malevich made a theorist of new trends in art in the brochure "From Cubism and Futurism to Suprematism" (1915).In a short time she survived three editions.
Since the 1910s, work by Kazimir Malevich became a kind of "testing ground" on which were tested and perfected new possibilities of painting.Hunt went in different directions, but the main achievement of the artist in the years has become a cycle of paintings, Malevich brought a lot of popularity.It is well known paintings "Cow and the Violin," "The Aviator," "An Englishman in Moscow", "Portrait Klyuna."The artist demonstrated a new way of organizing space of the picture, the unknown French Cubists.
«Black Square" - a brilliant painting or quackery?
In the middle of 1915, having written more than 39 paintings, aged in the principles of Cubism, but are attracted to the non-figurative, Malevich gave the name of a new art - Suprematism.Manifesto of the artistic direction was the famous "Black Square", which was shown in 1915 at the last exhibition of the Futurists.It is this picture, according to the artist, should be the beginning of the end "of the visible, the subject of painting."In his pamphlet Suprematism Malevich proclaimed the beginning of a new culture.
«Black Square" and other suprematistskie artist's paintings are compositions where the main image becomes geometric shapes on neutral color background.In these works completely absent even the slightest hint of materiality.Nevertheless, the work of Malevich distinguished certain natural harmony, which stands on the "outer" level. At present there are three versions of the painting "Black Square", written by Kazimir Malevich.
writing the most simple geometric shapes (square), with basic colors - black and white - for nearly a century disturbs the minds, causing a storm of controversy.
Many researchers have tried and are still trying to unravel the mystery of this picture.Interpretation of the paintings of Malevich extremely contradictory - from the grim revelation artist of genius to the misery of the sample, from the artificially inflated fetish for which there is absolutely no secrets to the Jewish character, and even the act of self-assertion of the satanic.
Whatever it was, Malevich created a great web, which, like a magnet, attracts amateurs and professionals painting.