Researchers have known 53 Russian folklore epic heroic story, and 15 of them Ilya Muromets is the main character.All these epics belong to the Kiev cycle connected with Vladimir the Red Sun - idealized image of Prince Vladimir Svyatoslav.

Cases epic hero

Start epic "biography" Ilya Muromets is associated with a very typical epic hero motif belated maturity: 33 year figure sitting on the stove, unable to move either arms or legs, but once to itare the three elders - "beggars perekhozhie."In editions of the Soviet-era epics "cut" clarify who these people were, but the folklore tradition suggests that it is Jesus Christ and two apostles.The elders asked Ilya to bring them water - and the paralyzed man gets to his feet.Thus, even a healing character is due to the willingness to commit albeit slight, but a goo
d deed.

After gaining heroic power, Elijah is sent to perform feats.It is noteworthy that neither Ilya Muromets nor other Russian heroes never perform feats for the sake of personal glory, as do the characters sometimes western chivalry.Acts of the Russian heroes always socially significant.This is the most famous feat Ilya Muromets - a victory over Nightingale the Robber, who killed his predatory whistle travelers."You're full of tears so-TCR fathers mothers, your full-TCR wives widows so young," - says the hero, killing the villain.

Another feat of heroes - a victory over Idol, seized power in Constantinople.Idol - collective image of the enemy nomads - Pechenegs or Polovtsy.They were pagan nations, and not by accident threatens Idol "to put on the smoke of God church."Defeating this enemy, Ilya Muromets acts as a defender of the Christian faith.

Bogatyr always appears defender of the common people.In the epic "Ilya Muromets and Kalin-tsar" Elijah refuses to go to battle injustice offended Prince Vladimir, and only when the daughter of the prince asks the hero to do it for the sake of the poor widows and small children, he agrees to fight.

Possible historical prototypes

Whatever may seem fantastic stories epics about Ilya Muromets, historians say: this man really existed.His relics are buried in the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, but originally the tomb was in the chapel of St. Sophia Cathedral - the main church of Kievan Rus.Typically, in this cathedral they were buried only princes, even the nobles did not receive such an honor, therefore, merit Ilya Muromets were exceptional.The researchers suggest that the hero was killed in 1203 during a raid Polovtsian troops to Kiev.

another version offers A.Medyntseva historian, tried to explain why the epic tradition linked with image Ilya Muromets Svyatoslavich Prince Vladimir, who lived much earlier.Without denying the connection to the epic hero Ilya Muromets really existed, it indicates that another source of the image can be the same person who served as the prototype Dobrynya Nikitich.It was the uncle of Prince Vladimir mother - brother of the housekeeper, a commoner who managed to become the first princely vigilantes and then governor.

This man did a lot of good for his nephew insisted that the name of Vladimir Svyatoslav gave the princes of Novgorod, after the death of Vladimir Svyatoslav helped come to power.Introducing Christianity in Russia, Vladimir was baptized Novgorod Dobrynya charged.After this event Dobrynia is no longer mentioned in the chronicles, but his death is nowhere said.A.Medyntseva assumes that the person being baptized, received the name of Elijah, his biography and later became one of the sources of image Ilya Muromets.