Tools like Russian harp, found in different nations.According to one hypothesis the name of the instrument comes from the word "Husain", the ancient name of a string stretched over the bow.
There were various versions of this folk instrument: liroobraznye, helmet, wing harp.Liroobraznye harp or harp with the game window are probably the most ancient kind of tool.Archaeologists have found in layers like a harp 11-13 century.On liroobraznyh harp on the back side there is a window in which the left hand is placed guslar.When you play such a harp held vertically, and mute the strings with your fingers of his left hand.
shaped gusli rare among archaeological finds.Currently, varieties of helmet psaltery can be seen in some of the pe
oples of the Volga region.The body of the instrument resembles a helmet.On such harp could be from 11 to 30 strings.Played harp sitting on a helmet when playing the strings zaschipyvaem fingers of both hands.
Pterygoid harp were popular in the north-western regions.So far, in some villages of Novgorod and Pskov, you can find real wing harp.The strings on this instrument are stretched like a fan, the tool body is shaped like a wing.In the wing-shaped harp can be spanned from 5 to 17 strings.There are various ways of tuning harps.Typically, the lower end of the string are configured as Bourdon, these strings are constantly heard during the game.In the wing-shaped harp playing while seated.The fingers of the left hand is placed between the strings and the game jammed unnecessary strings.Right hand strikes all the strings, and the impact can go from the top down and the bottom up.The most common technique of wing play on the harp - is rattling.Sometimes guslyar can use the technique of plucking sounds.In the wing-shaped harp often played traditional dance-tunes, melodies are distinguished by a sharp and clear rhythmic pattern.On such harp you can play the songs, but this game will be different and smooth melody.
Technology of the traditional harps simple enough.Gusli often made of solid pine or spruce boards.Initially strings for instruments made of live animals.The sound of this instrument was very soft.Tuners for psaltery previously machined from wood, is now the most commonly used metal strings and pegs.