From the history of the guitar

Traditional guitar is a stringed instrument.It is used in a wide variety of musical styles, from blues and country music to flamenco, rock and jazz.For several centuries, the guitar is one of those tools that have special influence on world music.

The earliest evidence of a stringed instrument having a neck and a resonating body, belong to the past.The first precursors of the guitar appeared about four thousand years ago.String Instruments, guitar related and arranged on the same principle used in Babylon.There is mention of them in the biblical texts.There were similar in structure tools in Egypt and India. According to legend, the hero of Greek mytho
logy, Hercules was able to play the string cittern.

word "guitar", according to some historians, dates back to the Sanskrit word "Sangeeta" means "music", Persian and "tar", which meant "string".Spread through Central Asia and came to Europe, the word "guitar" is modified several times.In its present form the language tool name appeared in European literature about the XIII century.

Distant relatives guitars have rounded oblong body and elongated neck, along which were the strings.The body, as a rule, was made from a single piece of wood, at least - from dried gourd or tortoiseshell.Subsequently, the body has become an integral, his masters from the lower and upper deck, connecting them side wall - shell.Such instruments already created in China in the III century AD.Only two centuries later, a similar hybrid instrument appeared in Europe under the name of the Latin guitar, which is preserved in the face of generally up to date.

Guitar and its variants

In medieval times, the guitar has become a center of Spain, where the instrument came from Rome, as well as with the Arab conquerors.Around the XV century in Spain invented guitar with five double strings.She called and Spanish. Three centuries had another guitar string and a rich repertoire of musical works.

But in Russia the guitar came relatively late - around the end of the XVII century.Over time, the country appeared virtuoso masterfully owned this tool.Later in Russia began to spread the Spanish version of the seven-string guitar, which received the name "Russian guitar."

In the last century emerged amplification technology and sound processing with the help of electricity.So there was an electric guitar, which had only a distant resemblance to the classic tool.Musicians have new opportunities, and the audience began to gradually get used to the original source, which is, however, unlikely to be able to fully replace the melodious sounds coming from the traditional stringed instrument, whose name - classical guitar.