Rule flute build Kurai is not strictly necessary, as in Bashkiria extended his other variety - reed instrument with movable beating "tongue."Adopted two types kurai length - 120-180 mm and 450-1000 mm, depending on which tool acquires those or other dynamic features, as well as the issue has a different sound and a different tone.In Bashkiria and Tatarstan also decided to make them out of pre-cut and dried stalks of the Ural rebroplodnika.But now this rule is not enforced as strictly as the permitted use of sliced ​​veneer or metal.
Kurai in the culture of the two peoples is an essential
attribute of not only solo performance, but the performance of the musicians in the ensemble or ethnic orchestra.By the way, the residents of the traditional villages of Tartar is also called the instrument sybyzgy - the term by which unite almost all wind instruments.
diameter flute-Kurai typically of the order of 20 millimeters, it 5 holes with a width of 5-15 millimeters.And four of them are located on the front side of a musical instrument, and 1 - on its rear side.Depending on the location of the holes are different variations of the following traditional Kurai:
- «kopshe Kura", which is an open longitudinal flute with only two holes;
- «agach Kura" (literally "wood spurge") svistkovogo type are made of twigs of hazel, viburnum or maple, with a length of 250-300 mm and the possible number of openings in the 4-6 pieces;
- Copper chicken, arranged by type slit svistkovoy flute, brass, with a length of 260-265 mm and 7 holes;
- «cauldron Kura" (or "Kazan Kura"), constructed on the principle of svistkovoy flute longitudinal type.Usually he is very long - 580-800 mm, as well as variations of holes - from 2 to 7;
- «Nogai Kura" with a length of 690-775 mm and 2 holes, which is considered a female musical instrument;
- simple kurai straw belonging to the subgroup of reed and straw produced from cereals.Its traditional length - 120-180 mm.
Since 1998, the Bashkortostan Republic kurai player operates Union, which ceased its activities in the 4 years from 2003 to 2007th, but then resumed it again.Specialists of the ethnic organizations fighting to preserve the spiritual and cultural heritage of the peoples of the Volga region.