In the middle of the 6th century BC, the legendary king of Tull Hostilius built the first curia, to collect it in the assembly of 30 elected representatives of the Roman people.This elected leader of the clan called curiae. first Curia Curia Hostilia named in honor of the third king of ancient Rome.
political center of ancient Rome was the Forum and the Curia has been an important part of it.The forum was Comitium where the Assembly was going.Comitium was a rectangular space, arranged in view of the world.Curia was located in the north of the comitia.
Curia and Curia
In ancient Rome there were three main districts: Titii, RAMS and Lucera.
from each district elected 10 representatives.The
se 30 people gathered at the People's Assembly kuriev.Voting took place in the comitia, the sacred place called visionaries.
kuriev Assembly decides on the order of succession to the throne the king of kings, and the transfer of his powers.Kuriev lictors changed when the royal period of ancient Rome ended.
Location Curia Hostilia
Curia Hostilia was oriented to the south.It was a sacred place, and it was oriented in the same way as the Roman temples.On one axis of the temple, but to the south-votsoku from him was the Curia Julia.Old Curia Hostilia was destroyed.In its place was built the entrance to the new forum is located to the northeast of it.
Julius Caesar began to build a new Curia shortly before he was killed.Construction of the Curia Julia was completed after his death in 29 BC by Emperor Augustus.Like its predecessor, this new Curia was also a temple.Emperor Domitian restored the curia in '94.Image Meeting of the Senate in the Curia can be seen in the famous anaglyph Trajan.The terrain is located in the Roman Forum in the Senate chamber.Curia also possibly depicted in one of the reliefs on the Arch of Trajan in the Italian city of Benevento.
Curia Julia was burned in a fire during the reign of Karine. Currently Curia Julia is located in Rome, in the Roman Forum. her again rebuilt the Emperor Diocletian.
From an architectural point of view of Curia Julia is a room measuring 25 by 17 meters, with cement walls covered with bricks.In every corner of the building there is a backwater.The front wall is decorated inside with slabs of marble.The ceiling is covered with plaster.Brackets made of limestone and brick cornice and covered with plaster.The span of several steps led to the front door, where the architrave.In the year 303 in honor of the twentieth anniversary of the decade, and the Emperor Diocletian at the entrance of the Curia were erected two huge columns.The first of these columns is not preserved, but the second is still lying at the Forum in Rome.
- Curia Julia
- Curia - The House of the Roman Senate, NSGill
- Roman Forum.Debris and dust of the past centuries ...