Musical Keys were invented, along with notes of the founder of modern notation - Guido d'Arezzo.The idea was simple: at the beginning stave put a special mark, which indicates the position of a particular sound, which becomes the reference point.All other notes are calculated with respect to this "zero."


Key salt




Along with the musical there is a more ancient system of music recording - character string.Each note corresponds to a letter of the alphabet, and the outlines of musical keys are modified letter.In particular, the note G is denoted Latin letter G, and that she had a key from the salt, better known as treble.Its name is due to the fact that in this way they write music for the violin, however, not only for her but also for flute, oboe, cla
rinet, female voices, his right hand on the piano, the accordion and accordion.


Curl key located on the 2nd line stave, indicating the position of the first octave notes salt.In France, the Baroque period used another type of key salt, which is written on the first line.He was called by the French key.


key F




outlines key F comes from the Latin letter F. Curl and his two points indicate the position of the note of the small octave F - on the 4th line stave.In this vein, writing music for cello, bassoon, and other low instruments as well as for the bass in the choir, so it is called bass.


Along with bass clef there are two kinds of key F: baritone and Baso-profundovy.In the first case the small octave F is placed on the third line, in the second - on the fifth.


key to




key to a modified Latin letter C, and indicates the position of the notes to the 1st octave.There are five options for this key.The soprano key note to the 1st octave is located on the 1st line in the mezzo-soprano - the 2nd in alto - on the 3rd, in the tenor - on the 4th, in baritone - 5 minutes.


Modifications keys




to any key can be added a little above or below eight.This means that all notes should be played respectively an octave lower or higher than they are written.These keys are used in order to avoid a large number of additional lines or frequent change of keys.For example, an octave higher than the actual sound write notes for guitar, domra alto, bass, one octave below - for the piccolo.Perhaps such movement is not one, but two octaves, in this case, the key is added to the number 15.


To record the drum instruments that do not have a certain height, use a neutral manner.It looks like a long white rectangle or two parallel to each other and perpendicular to stave lines drawn from the 2nd line to the 4th.Pitch is the key does not specify, it only refers to the stave, which recorded the drum part.