first opera in Italian by Italian troupes appeared in Russia in the XVIII century.Later, some foreign composers who lived at the Russian imperial court began to write operas in Russian, and Russian authors - in Italian.
first attempts by Russian composers to compose the opera with a libretto in Russian were taken in the early 1770s.Created works were not examples of Russian national opera, and a weak imitation of the German, French and Italian models.However, these operas have paved the way for the great works of the XIX and XX centuries.
In the first stage of development of Russian opera was created several notable works.Among them: "The Miser" by Vasily Pashkevich, "Orpheus and Eurydice" Evstigney Fomin and "Annie" by an u
nknown composer.
golden age of Russian opera was the XIX century.It began with the success of the musical work "Lesta, Dnepropetrovsk mermaid."His libretto and musical foundation were partly borrowed from the German composer Ferdinand Kauer.Then there was established a successful patriotic opera based on Russian history - "Ivan Susanin", whose author was Italian Caterino Kavos.During the following years, a few successful examples of Russian musical theater.
a new era in Russian opera opened two great works of Mikhail Glinka - "Life for the Tsar" and "Ruslan and Lyudmila".It was Mikhail Glinka is considered the founder of Russian national opera itself.After the appearance of the works of Glinka's opera became one of the leading genres in Russian music.Glinka was the follower of Alexander Dargomyzhsky - the author of "Mermaid" and "The Stone Guoxiang."Significant works created Anton Rubinstein, Anton Arensky, Sergei Taneyev, and other composers.
Acme development of Russian opera reached in the works of Modest Mussorgsky and Tchaikovsky."Boris Godunov" by Mussorgsky became the greatest masterpiece of Russian musical theater.Other Mussorgsky's opera left unfinished.Among them: "Salammbo," "Marriage", "Khovanshchina" and "Sorochintsy Fair".Pyotr Tchaikovsky created ten operas, the most famous of which are "Eugene Onegin" and "The Queen of Spades."They are included in the repertoire of all the leading music theaters of the world.An important place in the XX century Russian opera takes "Prince Igor" by Alexander Borodin ยป
At the turn of XIX-XX centuries the main writer of Russian opera was Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov.He created fifteen works, the most notable among them - "The Snow Maiden", "The Tsar's Bride", "Kashchei Immortal" and "The Golden Cockerel".
In the early XX century, several important works of Igor Stravinsky created.His work can not be attributed to the opera in its pure form, rather it is the opera-ballet or musical drama.The best examples of Stravinsky's creative heritage is "Nightingale," "Oedipus the King", "The Flood".
In Soviet times, outstanding opera created the great composer Dmitri Shostakovich.His works have been repeatedly criticized by officials.The attacks on Shostakovich and Prokofiev another brilliant composer sometimes took the form of this harassment.
Russian musical theater continues its development in the XXI century.The premiere of two comic operas, "King Damian," a collective project, and "Children of Rosenthal" Leonid Desyatnikov.These scandalous works received a great success with the audience.