Guide
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architecture becomes one of the leading arts of ancient Greece in the archaic era.In the 7th century.BC.order system occurs.In the era of the Archaic it appeared two major orders: Doric and Ionic, at the end of the classical era on the basis of the Ionic order Corinthian was created.Greek orders were widely used in the architecture of later ages.In Greece itself, first of all, were built numerous temples, different plastic harmony and proportionality.Greek Temple did not suppress their human scale, allowing him to feel proud and free citizen of his country.
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Another impression architecture of ancient Rome.Despite the fact that the Romans were mainly borrowed the cultur
e of the Greeks, they gave it a completely different scale.For example, the famous Roman Pantheon - the Temple of all the gods - is a huge cylindrical volume, which is attached to the Greek portico.Pantheon dome topped by a concrete weighing 46 tons, a nine hole through which air flows light.The idea of ​​building based on the dome arose here.
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In the Middle Ages architecture becomes the dominant mode of artistic culture.During this period, it appears 2 styles: Romanesque and Gothic.Romanesque style, which appeared in the period of feudal fragmentation, tends toward the establishment of churches and castles, resembling a well-fortified fortress.
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Facilities Gothic increasingly attracted to beauty.During this period, there is a type of church, soaring, with pointed arches, stained glass windows and huge stone walls lace.
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The Renaissance marked a return to kupolotsentricheskoy based architecture of the ancient order.The magnificent dome designed by leading masters of the "era of genius", are perhaps the main decoration of the Italian cities.Florence became a symbol of a beautiful bright and elegant dome of the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, and proud of Rome ascended the grand dome of St. Peter's Cathedral, designed by the great Michelangelo.
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Spirit Renaissance freedom rooted in the past with the advent of the Baroque era.Again, as in the Middle Ages to the fore the church.Now the task of architecture - hit the human scale and splendor of the temple buildings, indicate its insignificance in the face of God.Facilities magnificently, often overly decorated, they are distinguished by a fanciful curved shapes.
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During the reign of narcissistic and power of Louis XIV in France, there is a strict and symmetrical classicism.He is characterized by civic, heroic pathos, plastic harmony and clarity of form.The most famous structures are not the era temples and royal palaces - the Louvre and Versailles.
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imperative of our time is the emergence of the Rococo style.Refined tastes of the aristocracy of the 18th century require a lot of elegance with a touch of pretentiousness.Rococo style is not introduced into the architecture of the new features.His main task was to achieve decorative effects.
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very interesting Art Nouveau architecture.It tends to be natural, "natural" lines and forms.The building, designed by one of the most striking modernist architects Antoni Gaudí, as fit perfectly into the landscape that they seem product of nature, not by human hands.
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Unfortunately, modern architecture lost its aesthetic properties inherent in this wonderful art form.Buildings boxes forming the face of most modern cities seem impersonal and monotonous.