Guide
1
According to the US Constitution, which was adopted in 1787, America is a federal republic.It is composed of 50 states and the District of Columbia.Each state has its own constitution, the governor and the Legislature.State power in the United States belongs to the Federal Government, which is made up of legislative, executive and judicial organs.
2
the head of state and government is the president, who is elected for a four publicly.The head of government can not be in power for more than two terms.The President is the supreme commander of the armed forces of the United States.Its powers include the appointment of senior officials, participated in the formation of the legal framework and the publication of presidential decrees.
3
Executive power is vested in the vice president and the cabin
et.Legislative power belongs to the US Congress, which is composed of the Senate and House of Representatives.From each state elected 2 representatives in the Senate.The political regime of the United States aimed at implementation of the state power by legal means in accordance with the laws and the constitution, and the citizens have the rights to participate in government through elected representatives.In Congress, representatives of the two parties: the Democratic and Republican forced to seek a compromise, adopting laws.
4
the highest judicial authority in America is endowed with the Supreme Court, which may cancel the presidential decrees and laws adopted to recognize invalid.However, the main activity of the Supreme Court is to consider appeals to lawsuits.Also, in case of disagreement between the branches of government, the Supreme Court resolves these disputes.It should be noted that the candidacy for the post of Chief Justice invited the president and the Senate must approve it.
5
United States adhere to the principle of democratic governance, which involves democracy.Law strictly limited methods of coercion are prohibited mass and social violence.The country has emphasized the legal equality of all citizens and recognized the ethnic and social minorities.According to the principles of democracy in America, we have freedom of speech and the presence of independent media.
6
The country has a multiparty political system, ruled a monopoly on political power and welcomed the principles of competition for power.The political regime of America seeks to implement universally valid interests of US citizens.At the same time the State has sufficient material, natural and other resources to achieve their goals.