In ancient times, each clan chose a "sacred sign patron", they could be an animal or plant from which they believed the tribe was taking its origins.Totemism was known and Slavic tribes selected "holy patrons" have given rise to many modern Russian surnames.
Other prototypes of coats of arms include a variety of images, decorating the military banners, armor, and sometimes the personal belongings of legendary knights, kings and generals of Antiquity.But often, these emblems are only decoration and could change.
appearance of coats of arms in a certain form of modern humans originated in Europe, the tenth century, during the occurrence of a hereditary feudal aristocracy.In the eleventh century, coats of arms are increasingly found on the seals,
fastening agreement.It should be noted that in an era of low literacy use official seal was the only way to confirm their identity and served as a signature to certify documents.
Another prerequisite for rooting genealogical Emblem was war.In the twelfth century knights armor are becoming more complex and cover your vehicle from head to toe, making all the same soldiers, under these conditions, in the heat of battle it would be difficult to distinguish from the opponent's ally here that came to the rescue and ancestral banners.Coat served as a means of communication, reporting certain information about its owner, and helped to identify each other, overcoming the language barrier and illiteracy.Therefore, it is safe to say that the wide dissemination of coats of arms is facilitated crusades and knights' tournaments in the future.
Over time, knowledge about the coats of arms were systematized, to develop common rules for establishing and determining the values ​​of the characters.There are people well-versed in this - or heralds heralds.They announced the appearance of the Knights in the tournament and, judging by the coats of arms, talked about them.Hence it takes its name science of armorial bearings - heraldry (from late «heraldus» - herald).
based city and state emblems are usually laid coat of arms of the ruling dynasties or images that tell about the sights of historical events or peculiar fishing industry.The most common mixed emblems.