Most generally distinguish between totalitarian, authoritarian and democratic regimes.A more in-depth is the classification proposed by the famous political scientist Zh.Blondelem.According to his technique, the political regimes can be classified on the basis of three key parameters.It is the nature of the struggle for leadership, the nature of the political elite and the level of popular participation in the political system.Under the first option open secrete that has legitimacy (in the form of elections) and closed the fight (in the form of inheritance, co-optation or armed seizure).

In terms of the nature of the political elite can be identified and differentiated monolithic elite.Monolithic elite arises in the c
ase where there is no separation of the economic and administrative, i.e.there is a merging of power and capital.In this case, the struggle for power has a formal character and the formation of public modes impossible.

The level of popular participation in politics can distinguish inclusive and exclusive modes when the masses are not able to participate in political life.

Based on these criteria distinguish traditional, egalitarian-authoritarian, authoritarian and bureaucratic, authoritarian inegalitarnye, competitive oligarchy and liberal democracy.

traditional political regime



traditional political regime - closed with a monolithic elite excludes the participation of the masses in politics.Through this political regime were held all over the world, and later it was transformed into an authoritarian or democratic.In some states, it still exists.For example, in Saudi Arabia, Brunei, Bhutan.

common features of traditional political regimes: the transfer of power by inheritance, the issue of reforming the political life does not arise, a group of specialized bureaucracy is absent, or represents the interests of the economic elite.

authoritarian-bureaucratic regime



This is a closed political system with a differentiated elite.Such regimes arise in transition or crisis periods, when the power come the bureaucrats or the military, which are designed to maneuver between the economic elite and the population.As an example, given the countries of Latin America to the 70-ies of XX century.

authoritarian-bureaucratic regimes are divided into military and populist.They are rarely effective, but in some countries, reliance on the military - the only way to retain power in the country.

egalitarian-authoritarian regime



This is a closed political system with a monolithic elite, including the participation of the population.Often, it is also called a communist, becausenamely communist ideas are dominant.Often there is a regime in a political awakening, increased political participation.

sign of egalitarian-authoritarian regime is the smashing of property relations, economic life is put under state control.Elite becomes and economic elite, ie,Nomenclature.The population included in the political life through the dominant party.

Examples of this regime are China, North Korea, the Soviet Union, Vietnam and Laos.Many communist regimes fell in the waves of democratization.Phenomenon is the stability of China.

Competitive oligarchy



It excludes outdoor mode.This mode occurs during periods of transition in the formation of new social classes of the economic elite, which enters the political fray.Formally, these conditions have mechanisms suffrage, but people's access to power and their ability to influence political decisions is extremely limited.This mode can be configured only on passive social base.An example of such a regime called England in 17-19 centuries.

authoritarian-regime inegalitarny



This is a closed political system with a differentiated elite, including in political life.To distinguish it from the communist regime that it is not based on the principle of equality, and inequality.It is also based on a single ideology - racial superiority.It allows you to efficiently produce mobilization of the masses.Examples of the regime are the country's fascist Italy and Germany.

Liberal-democratic regime



It includes an open political regime.It provides an effective political participation of citizens, their equality with respect to the process of political decision-making, the ability to obtain reliable information and to make informed choices.

key principles of democracy is the separation of powers (checks and balances), the rule of law, individual freedom.They suggest a minimum participation of the state in economic life.

Such regimes are different opinions and political pluralism of ideas, characterized by an acute political struggle and open elections.