signing of the Warsaw Pact
In May 1955, at a meeting held in Warsaw, European countries, the agenda of which was the question of peace and security, the leaders of a number of countries signed the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance.The adoption of the document took place on May 15 with the signing initiative belonged to the Soviet Union.Besides him, in fact, created a military unit entered Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Poland, Hungary, Albania, East Germany and Romania.The agreement was signed for thirty years, which was later extended.So there was the Warsaw Treaty Organization.
Agreement provides that the signatory cou
ntries in international relations will refrain from the threat of use of force.And when an armed attack on one of the countries participating in the contract other parties pledged to assist it by all available means, not excluding military force.One of the objectives was to preserve the bloc of communist power in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe.
The international community understood that the Warsaw Pact became justified and appropriate response to the creation of NATO, persistently sought to expand its influence in Europe.From that moment it arose, and went on for a long confrontation between the two military organizations world-wide.
The nature and value of the Warsaw Treaty Organization
As part of the Warsaw Pact operated a special military council ruled the Allied forces.The existence of a military and political alliance of socialist countries gave the legal basis for the involvement of Soviet military forces to suppress anti-communist revolt in Hungary, and in later events in Czechoslovakia.
greatest benefit from participation in the Warsaw Pact was the Soviet Union, the military potential of which was the basis of a political bloc.Signed an agreement in Warsaw, actually gave the Soviet Union the possibility, if necessary, without the interference of allied countries to use the territory as a base for their armed forces.Under the agreement, Soviet troops got a legitimate right to place its troops almost at the heart of Europe.
later revealed that in countries that have signed the treaty, there are intractable conflicts.Due to internal differences Albania withdrew from the contract.Its exceptional position in relation to the block more than once publicly demonstrated Romania.One reason for disagreement was the desire of the USSR to establish tight control over the armies of other countries in the bloc.
When the Berlin Wall fell and the countries of Central Europe swept a wave of "velvet" revolutions, the military bloc of socialist countries lost his footing.Formally, the Warsaw Treaty Organization ceased to exist in July 1991 when in fact it broke up in the late 80s.