Guide
1
The word "democracy" is the Greek form and has two roots: "demos" - people and "kratos" - power management.If translated literally goes "people power."
2
Basics democratic system emerged in the Greek polis (city-states).Head - Tribune and the city council elected in the general elections.The right to vote had grown men, ready for war, and with the earth.
3
Many Greek management principles "inherited" moved to the constitution of the "eternal city" of Rome.The Italian citadel erected in the cult of democracy and seriously evolved - was created by the Senate, which decides how foreign and domestic laws of the Republic.There was a unified legal system - "Roman law".
4
With the fall of the Roman republic, democracy has suffered serious damage.Power has become concentrated in the han
ds of kings, kings and sultans.Monarchs actively used church and religious teachings to prove his "divine mission" (as did even the Egyptian pharaohs in ancient times).
5
Wrestling association of large landowners in England with King Johann landless led to the signing in 1225 of an important for the future of world democracy document - the "Magna Carta".It limited the power of the monarch and forced him to take into account the decision to establish the Parliament.
6
its democratic government was in Russia.In Novgorod principality decisions were made at a gathering of the city of bells.This gathering was called "Veche".Cross placed on the freedom of Novgorod Ivan the Terrible, to destroy the city.
7
oldest of the existing democratic constitution was adopted in the United States."Declaration of Independence" was proclaimed in 1776 for the liberation from the yoke of the mother country - the UK.It fixed the ideas of equality and freedom of all citizens of the state.
8
thus contribute to democracy made by many people.The Greeks were the first carriers of "people's power";Americans have revived it.