Parliament is the legislative branch of government, which, along with the executive and the judiciary is the basis of the legal system of the state.In the world there are two main options for parliaments: unicameral and bicameral.

unicameral parliament


From the perspective of the legislative process, a unicameral parliament is a more simple model, in which case it consists of a single unit, called the Chamber, whose functions include the development and adoption laws.Thus, the entire scope of the legislative power is concentrated in the hands of one authority.Such a course of action of the parliamentary system is generally characteristic of small states.For example, currently a unicameral parliament act in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Finla
nd, Estonia and other countries.

bicameral parliament


bicameral parliament is a more complex political organization, whose meaning lies in the interaction chambers.In this case one of them is usually called the lower and the other upper.From a substantive point of view, we can say that the most difficult and responsible task is usually assigned to the lower house: its members should initiate and develop bills, which they then present to the negotiation and approval of the upper house.

In the Russian Federation there is a bicameral system of formation of the parliament.Thus, the lower house, which is responsible for the bulk of legislative activity is known as the State Duma, and the top, carrying out some kind of control over the activity of the Duma, called by the Federation Council.At the same time these are the names appear in the designation of these structures in the legal acts of the Russian Federation, while the concept of "upper chamber" and the "lower house" reflect the relationship of these structures to the global practice of formation of the parliament.

difference between the lower and upper house of parliament in Russia lies not only in its functions but also other parameters, in particular, the methods of formation.Thus, the State Duma is intended to implement in their law-making activities will of the Russian people, so it is formed during the national elections.In turn, the Federation Council is to represent the interests of the regions of Russia, that is, its subjects of the Federation, so it is formed from a number of candidates agreed representatives of each of them.