Types of ethnic relations
Interethnic Relations - a multidimensional phenomenon.They are divided into two main areas - is the relationship between the nationalities within one state and the relationship between different nation-states.In the Russian-language term ethnicity and nationality are similar in meaning, so inter-ethnic relations are often also referred to as inter-ethnic relations.
By forms of interaction ethnic distinguish peaceful cooperation and ethnic conflict.
The main forms of peaceful cooperation can be attributed ethnicity and ethnic mix of absorption.When mixing different ethnicities ethical spontaneously mixed with each other for many years, the result is the formation of a single nation.Often this is done by intermarriage (for example, formed so
many Latin American nations).
a result of ethnic absorption (assimilation), a dissolution of one nation in another.Assimilation can have a peaceful and violent.
most civilized way of uniting the peoples - a multinational state in which respect the rights and freedoms of every nation.In these countries, several languages are state-owned and no national minority does not dissolve in the general culture.With the multi-ethnic state is closely related to the concept of cultural pluralism.It reflects the successful adaptation of one culture, without prejudice to the other.
Today, most states are multinational.The share of countries in which the main ethnic community makes absolute majority - at least 19%.Thus, in most cases, different nationalities have to co-exist on the same territory.It is not always they manage to do so peacefully.
Ethnic conflict - a form of social and political conflict between groups of people belonging to different ethnic groups.Its main features include separation of conflicting ethnic groups, the politicization of ethical factors.These are not value-ethnic conflicts taking place around and group interests.New members of ethnic conflicts combined basis of the total ethnic identity, even if you do not share the position of the group.
Trends in inter-ethnic relations
In today's world can be traced several trends in the development of nations, which may conflict with each other.Among them are:
- ethnic differentiation - a separation or even opposition of the various nations;it may take the form of
isolation, nationalism, religious fanaticism;
- ethnic integration - is the opposite process, involving the United Nations, through the various spheres of public life;
- globalization - is a historical process of ethnic integration, resulting in gradually blurred the traditional boundaries;evidence of this process are the various transnational economic and political unions (such as the EU), TNK, cultural centers.