Guide
1
an expression "province" for a long time, originally in ancient Rome province meant a certain type of area.Over time, the Romans began to use the word in a rather humiliating attitude: so called distant city periphery, which is lagging behind on development of developing prosperous cities of the empire.That is, the ancient Romans considered the province, some remote village, without any signs of the development of culture and infrastructure.

2
Currently, the word means a province or administrative territorial unit, a designation used in many countries in Europe and Asia.In particular, the administrative division of the provincial organization has units in Argentina, Canada, Belgium, Spain, Indonesia.
3
In most countries, provided the independence of the provincial district
s, iethey have their own government with a legislative initiative and executive branches, autonomous economic system and fiscal authority aimed at replenishment of the local budget.The presence of the provinces does not weaken the centralization of power in the country sinceHead of Education is usually appointed by decrees of the President or the government of the state.
4
device is interesting provinces in Italy, because over time they have acquired their administrative units, which are called communes, or communities.
5
It should be noted that in Russia the word "province" caught on immediately, it began to use even when Peter the Great.During his reign the province was the commercial and industrial area, which included the cities of Pskov and Novgorod.But over time, the need for use of the word itself has disappeared, new territorial values, such as provinces, districts.As the designation of the administrative unit to use the word mailed, but the value of the distant and not very developed area remained.