Certainly, the desire to achieve independence for his countrymen Bandera worthy of respect, but the means and methods of this struggle are very, very controversial. whole life and activity of the Ukrainian national figure of Stepan Bandera - an ardent nationalist and fighter for the independence of Ukraine is different estimates of historians, politicians, and ordinary people, even in our days.
For his efforts Bandera was sentenced to death in the Warsaw court, sitting in the Nazi concentration camp of Sachsenhausen, and was eventually killed by a KGB agent in Munich.From the first sentence of questions aris
e - Poland sentenced him for his participation in the organization of the assassination and the murder of Minister Bronislaw Peratskogo.Actions KGB agents, too, is quite understandable.It remains to understand what the Nazis planted Bandera, because it all started with a very successful, at first glance, the coalition.
Bandera - the hopes and illusions of spring 1941
decision on cooperation with Nazi Germany Stepan Bandera took in the hope that the joint efforts of the German troops and detachments of Ukrainian Nationalists (DONG) released Ukrainian power from the occupation "Bolshevik Moscow". Bandera naive to expect recognition of the state independence of Ukraine by Germany and further their cooperation as equal allies.
Some internal contradictions between the leaders of the Abwehr, looking favorably on a temporary alliance with the OUN (Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists), and the Nazis - who reject this collaboration, created the illusion of the possibility of this option.Prompted by such motives Bandera forms of two battalions of his supporters: "Roland" and "Nachtigall", hoping that in the future they will be the nucleus of an independent Ukrainian army.
July 1941 - the harsh truth of life
June 30, 1941 - during the war, when the Nazi troops, supported by a battalion "Nachtigall" occupied Lvov.At the mass meeting gathered the leadership of the OUN (B) proclaimed the "Act of revival of the Ukrainian state", and announced the formation of a new Ukrainian government.Here also surfaced a critical mismatch purposes of so-called allies, because the Germans had originally planned not to release and capture Ukraine.
July 5 Stepan Bandera was arrested and transferred to a German prison in Krakow, where he was asked to publicly refuse to accept the revival of the Act.About fulfilled if the requirements of Bandera, whether - debated by historians until now, but after a year and a half in prison Montelupich, he was transferred to Sachsenhausen concentration camp.Bandera was released only in the fall (or winter) in 1944.