gather together people interested in resolving any issue, to discuss important issues and come to a common agreement - these are the goals of the cathedrals, common gatherings of people united by a territory or a business idea.The history of the Russian state and the church knows the Zemsky Sobor.

Church councils



need for church councils appeared after the spread of the Christian doctrin
e beyond Israel.The first Christians were not able to read the Bible in the form in which it is presented to modern man.The good news spread by word of mouth, through the followers of the teachings, or in writing - rewritten by the Apostle.

In such circumstances, there were differences of opinion in matters of faith.Nascent various denominations and trends.To preserve the unity of the faith and to streamline the Christian doctrine, it was convened the first Ecumenical Council.As a result of this work there was the Bible - the union of the Old Testament, the Apostle, and the Apocalypse. Along with the Ecumenical Councils and Local convened.They discussed internal church matters.

Zemsky Sobor



At the Zemsky Sobor discussed the socio-political life of Russia.The concept of "clerk" was given later historians.Contemporaries called such events as convocation, like the rest - cathedrals.They started in connection with each public action, which required public debate.Whether the decision of the cathedrals legislative acts or had a lower status - the current historians agreed.

Something like the Zemsky Sobor of the European Parliament.The difference was, who was the initiator assembly.When the upper classes of Europe did not agree with the action of the monarch, often violently and spontaneously passed parliament.In Russia, on the contrary, the cathedral was the need to strengthen the impact of the sovereign. Conduct Zemsky Sobor was not the only piece of legislation, but also the construction of the Institute of authority over Russia's history.

Russian tsar could not worry about the rebellion during the Council, unlike the great power of European persons.Participants discuss chose the monarch, so the unity of opinion was provided.In addition, members of the convocation belonged to the upper classes, and their unwavering position depended on the steady position of the monarch's power.