reasons of "cold war»
What was the reason for such a long "cold" confrontation between East and West?In the model of the society of the United States of America, and the socialist system, headed by the Soviet Union, there were profound and insoluble contradictions. Both world powers want to strengthen their economic and political influence and become the absolute leaders of the world community.
United States is extremely satisfied that the Soviet Union established its influence in a number of countries in Eastern Europe.Now there began to dominate the communist ideology.The reactionary circles in the West feared that the communist ideas penetrate further
west and formed the socialist camp can seriously compete with the capitalist world in the economic and military spheres.
beginning of the "Cold War" historians consider it the leading British politician Winston Churchill, who in March 1946, he said in Fulton.In his speech, Churchill warned the Western world from error, right telling about the impending communist threat, in the face of which it is necessary to unite.The views expressed in this speech the situation began to appeal to the actual outbreak of "cold war" against the Soviet Union.
course of "cold war»
«Cold War" had several highlights.One of them was the signing of a number of Western countries the North Atlantic Treaty, the war in Korea and the testing of nuclear weapons in the Soviet Union.And in the early 60s the world anxiously followed the development of the so-called Cuban missile crisis, which showed that the two superpowers have such a powerful weapon that the winners of a possible military confrontation will not.
This realization has led politicians to believe that the political confrontation and arms build-up should be brought under control.The desire of the USSR and the United States to strengthen its military power led to tremendous budgetary spending and undermine the economies of both nations.Statistics suggest that both economies are not able to continue to maintain the pace of the arms race, so the US government and the Soviet Union finally signed an agreement on the reduction of nuclear aresenalov.
But "cold war" is far has not been completed.She continued in the information space.Both countries actively using its ideological apparatus to undermine the political power of each other.In the course were provocations and subversion.Each side tried to present a favorable light the advantages of their social system, at the same time belittling the achievements of the enemy.
Completion of the "cold war" and its results
As a result of the harmful effects of external and internal factors to the mid-80s last century, the Soviet Union was in a deep economic and political crisis.The country began the process of restructuring, which inherently has a substitution rate of socialism capitalist relations.
These processes are actively supporting foreign opponents of communism.The collapse of the socialist camp.Culminating in the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, disintegrated into several independent states.The purpose of the opponents of the USSR, they put a few decades earlier, was achieved. West won a landslide victory in the "cold war" with the Soviet Union and the United States remained the world's sole superpower.This was the main result of the "cold" confrontation.
Still, some analysts believe that the collapse of the communist regime did not lead to a complete end the "cold war."Russia, which has nuclear weapons, although it stood on the capitalist path of development, still remains a nuisance for the US aggressive designs, striving for total world domination.Of particular annoyance to the ruling circles of the US is striving to lead the new Russia an independent foreign policy.